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INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



Form 10-K

ý   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended February 28, 2011

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                    to                                   

Commission File No. 001-33376



Saratoga Investment Corp.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  20-8700615
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

535 Madison Avenue
New York, New York 10022

(Address of principal executive offices)

(212) 906-7800
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

          Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share   The New York Stock Exchange

          Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

          Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o    No ý

          Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o    No ý

          Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: Yes ý    No o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o    No o

          Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer ý
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

          Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o    No ý

          The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of August 31, 2010 was approximately $39 million based upon a closing price of $18.74 reported for such date by the New York Stock Exchange.

          The number of outstanding common shares of the registrant as of May 23, 2011 was 3,277,077.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

          Portions of the registrant's Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report.


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NOTE ABOUT REFERENCES

        In this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the "Annual Report"), the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to Saratoga Investment Corp. and its wholly owned subsidiary, Saratoga Investment Funding LLC, unless the context otherwise requires. We refer to Saratoga Investment Advisors LLC, our investment adviser, as "Saratoga Investment Advisors" or the "investment adviser."

NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

        Some of the statements in this Annual Report constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "plan," "potential," "project," "should," "will" and "would" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology.

        The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or are within our control. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements.

        The forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report involve risks and uncertainties, including statements as to:

        For a discussion of factors that could cause our actual results to differ from forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report, please see the discussion under Part I, Item 1A "Risk Factors". You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Annual Report.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS



 
  PAGE

PART I

  1
 

Item 1. Business

  1
 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

  24
 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

  41
 

Item 2. Properties

  41
 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

  41
 

Item 4. Removed and Reserved

  41

PART II

  42
 

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

  42
 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

  45
 

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

  48
 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

  67
 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

  68
 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

  68
 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

  68
 

Item 9B. Other Information

  69

PART III

  69
 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

  69
 

Item 11. Executive Compensation

  69
 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

  69
 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

  69
 

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

  69

PART IV

  70
 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

  70

Signatures

  72

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PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS

General

        We are a specialty finance company that invests primarily in leveraged loans and mezzanine debt issued by private U.S. middle-market companies, both through direct lending and through participation in loan syndicates. Our investment objective is to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation from our investments. We are externally managed and advised by Saratoga Investment Advisors, a New York-based investment firm affiliated with Saratoga Partners, a leading middle-market private equity investment firm.

        As of February 28, 2011, we had net assets of $86.1 million and investments in 24 portfolio companies and an investment in all of the subordinated notes in one collateralized loan obligation fund with fair value of $22.7 million. The weighted average yield on all of our debt investments including our investment in the subordinated notes in the collateralized loan obligation fund, as of February 28, 2011 was approximately 11.5%. As of February 28, 2011, we held equity investments consisting of common stock, limited partnership interests and warrants to purchase common stock or other equity interests in our portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $6.7 million.

        Our portfolio is comprised primarily of investments in leveraged loans (both first and second lien term loans) issued by middle market companies. Leveraged loans are generally senior debt instruments that rank ahead of subordinated debt of the portfolio company. Leveraged loans also have the benefit of security interests on the assets of the portfolio company, which may rank ahead of, or be junior to, other security interests. We also purchase mezzanine debt and make equity investments in middle market companies. Mezzanine debt is typically unsecured and subordinated to senior debt of the portfolio company.

        While our primary focus is to generate current income and capital appreciation from our debt and equity investments in middle market companies, we may invest up to 30% of the portfolio in opportunistic investments in order to seek to enhance returns to stockholders. Such investments may include investments in distressed debt, including securities of companies in bankruptcy, foreign debt, private equity, securities of public companies that are not thinly traded and structured finance vehicles such as collateralized loan obligation funds.

        We are an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company ("BDC") under the Investment Company Act of 1940 ("1940 Act"). As a BDC, we are required to comply with various regulatory requirements, including limitations on our use of debt. We finance our investments through borrowings. However, as a BDC, we are only generally allowed to borrow amounts such that our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, equals at least 200% after such borrowing.

        We have elected to be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a regulated investment company ("RIC"), under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 ("Code"). As a RIC, we generally will not have to pay corporate-level federal income taxes on any net ordinary income or capital gains that we distribute to our stockholders if we meet certain source-of-income, distribution and asset diversification requirements.

Corporate History and Information

        We commenced operations on March 23, 2007 as GSC Investment Corp. and completed an initial public offering of shares of our common stock on March 28, 2007. From the date we commenced operations until July 30, 2010, we were managed and advised by GSCP (NJ), L.P., an entity affiliated with GSC Group, Inc. In connection with the consummation of a recapitalization transaction on

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July 30, 2010, we engaged Saratoga Investment Advisors to replace GSCP (NJ), L.P. as our investment adviser and changed our name to Saratoga Investment Corp.

        The recapitalization transaction consisted of (i) the private sale of 986,842 shares of our common stock for $15 million in aggregate purchase price to Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates and (ii) the entry into a $40 million senior secured revolving credit facility with Madison Capital Funding LLC. We used the net proceeds from the private sale of shares of our common stock and a portion of the funds available to us under the secured revolving credit facility with Madison Capital Funding LLC to pay the full amount of principal and accrued interest, including default interest, outstanding under our revolving securitized credit facility with Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch. Specifically, in July 2009, we had exceeded permissible borrowing limits under the revolving securitized credit facility with Deutsche Bank, which resulted in an event of default under the revolving securitized credit facility. As a result of the event of default, Deutsche Bank had the right to accelerate repayment of the outstanding indebtedness under the revolving securitized credit facility and to foreclose and liquidate the collateral pledged under the revolving securitized credit facility. The revolving securitized credit facility with Deutsche Bank was terminated in connection with our payment of all amounts outstanding thereunder on July 30, 2010.

        Our corporate offices are located at 535 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022. Our telephone number is (212) 906-7800. We maintain a website on the Internet at www.saratogainvestmentcorp.com. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report, and you should not consider that information to be part of this Annual Report.

Saratoga Investment Advisors

General

        Our investment adviser is led by four principals, Christian L. Oberbeck, Richard A. Petrocelli, Thomas V. Inglesby and Charles G. Phillips, who collectively have over 60 years of experience in leveraged finance. Our investment adviser is affiliated with Saratoga Partners, a leading middle-market private equity investment firm. Saratoga Partners was established in 1984 to be the middle-market private investment arm of Dillon Read & Co. Inc. and has been independent of Dillon Read since 1998. Saratoga Partners has a 27-year history of private investments in middle market companies and focuses on public and private equity, preferred stock, and senior and mezzanine debt investments.

Our Relationship with Saratoga Investment Advisors

        We utilize the personnel, infrastructure, relationships and experience of Saratoga Investment Advisors and its affiliate, Saratoga Partners, to enhance the growth of our business. We currently have no employees and each of our executive officers is also an officer of Saratoga Investment Advisors.

        We have entered into an investment advisory and management agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors. The initial term of the investment advisory and management agreement is for two years from its effective date of June 30, 2010, with automatic, one-year renewals, subject to approval by our board of directors, a majority of whom must be our independent directors. Pursuant to the investment advisory and management agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors implements our business strategy on a day-to-day basis and performs certain services for us under the direction of our board of directors. Saratoga Investment Advisors is responsible for, among other duties, performing all of our day-to-day functions, determining investment criteria, sourcing, analyzing and executing investments, asset sales, financings and performing asset management duties.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors has formed an investment committee to advise and consult with its senior management team with respect to our investment policies, investment portfolio holdings,

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financing and leveraging strategies and investment guidelines. We believe that the collective experience of the investment committee members across a variety of fixed income asset classes will benefit us. The investment committee must unanimously approve all investments in excess of $5 million made by us. In addition, all sales of our investments must be approved by three out of four investment committee members.

        We pay Saratoga Investment Advisors a fee for investment advisory and management services consisting of two components—a base management fee and an incentive fee. The base management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 1.75% of our gross assets which includes assets purchased with borrowed funds but excludes cash and cash equivalents. As a result, Saratoga Investment Advisors will benefit as we incur debt or use leverage to purchase assets. Our board of directors will monitor the conflicts presented by this compensation structure by approving the amount of leverage that we may incur.

        In addition to the base management fee, we pay Saratoga Investment Advisors an incentive fee which consists of two parts. First, we pay Saratoga Investment Advisors an incentive fee with respect to our pre-incentive fee net investment income in each calendar quarter as follows:

        Pre-incentive fee net investment income means interest income, dividend income and other income (including any other fees, such as commitment, origination, structuring, diligence, managerial and consulting fees or other fees that we receive from portfolio companies) earned during the calendar quarter, minus our operating expenses for the quarter.

        The second part of the incentive fee is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the investment advisory and management agreement) and equals 20% of our "incentive fee capital gains," which equals our realized capital gains on a cumulative basis from May 31, 2010 through the end of the year, if any, computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fee. Importantly, the capital gains portion of the incentive fee is based on realized gains and realized and unrealized losses from May 31, 2010. Therefore, realized and unrealized losses incurred prior to such time will not be taken into account when calculating the capital gains portion of the incentive fee, and Saratoga Investment Advisors will be entitled to 20% of incentive fee capital gains that arise after May 31, 2010. In addition, for the purpose of the "incentive fee capital gains"

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calculations, the cost basis for computing realized gains and losses on investments held by us as of May 31, 2010 will equal the fair value of such investments as of such date.

        We have also entered into a separate administration agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors pursuant to which Saratoga Investment Advisors furnishes us with office facilities, equipment and clerical, bookkeeping and record keeping services. The administration agreement has an initial term of two years. Under the administration agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors also performs, or oversees the performance of our required administrative services, which include, among other things, being responsible for the financial records which we are required to maintain, preparing reports for our stockholders and reports required to be filed with the SEC. Payments under the administration agreement will be equal to an amount based upon the allocable portion of Saratoga Investment Advisors' overhead in performing its obligations under the administration agreement, including rent and the allocable portion of the cost of our officers and their respective staffs relating to the performance of services under the administration agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the fees to be paid to Saratoga Investment Advisors for the first year of the term of the administration agreement will be capped at $1 million and the existence of a cap, and the determination of a proper cap amount, in the second year of the term will be determined by the mutual agreement of our independent directors and Saratoga Investment Advisors.

Investments

        Our portfolio is comprised primarily of investments in leveraged loans (both first and second lien term loans) issued by middle market companies. These investments are sourced in both the primary and secondary markets through a network of relationships with commercial and investment banks, commercial finance companies and financial sponsors. The leveraged loans that we purchase are generally used to finance buyouts, acquisitions, growth, recapitalizations and other types of transactions. Leveraged loans are generally senior debt instruments that rank ahead of subordinated debt of the portfolio company. Leveraged loans also have the benefit of security interests on the assets of the portfolio company, which may rank ahead of, or be junior to, other security interests. Substantially all of the debt investments held in our portfolio hold a non-investment grade rating by Moody's Investors Service ("Moody's") and/or Standard & Poor's or, if not rated, would be rated below investment grade if rated. As part of our long-term strategy, we also purchase mezzanine debt and make equity investments in middle market companies. Mezzanine debt is typically unsecured and subordinated to senior debt of the portfolio company. For purposes of this Annual Report, we generally use the term "middle market" to refer to companies with annual EBITDA of between $5 million and $50 million. EBITDA represents earnings before net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. Investments in middle market companies are generally less liquid than equivalent investments in companies with larger capitalizations.

        As a BDC, we are required to comply with certain regulatory requirements. For instance, we have to invest at least 70% of our total assets in "qualifying assets," including securities of U.S. operating companies whose securities are not listed on a national securities exchange (i.e., New York Stock Exchange, NYSE Amex and The NASDAQ Stock Market), U.S. operating companies with listed securities that have market capitalizations of less than $250 million, cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less.

        While our primary focus is to generate current income and capital appreciation from our debt and equity investments in middle market companies, we may invest up to 30% of the portfolio in opportunistic investments in order to seek to enhance returns to stockholders. Such investments may include investments in distressed debt, private equity, securities of public companies that are not thinly traded and structured finance vehicles such as collateralized loan obligation funds.

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        Our leveraged loan portfolio is comprised primarily of first lien and second lien term loans. First lien term loans are secured by a first priority perfected security interest on all or substantially all of the assets of the borrower and typically include a first priority pledge of the capital stock of the borrower. First lien term loans hold a first priority with regard to right of payment. Generally, first lien term loans offer floating rate interest payments, have a stated maturity of five to seven years, and have a fixed amortization schedule. First lien term loans generally have restrictive financial and negative covenants. Second lien term loans are secured by a second priority perfected security interest on all or substantially all of the assets of the borrower and typically include a second priority pledge of the capital stock of the borrower. Second lien term loans hold a second priority with regard to right of payment. Second lien term loans offer either floating rate or fixed rate interest payments, generally have a stated maturity of five to eight years, and may or may not have a fixed amortization schedule. Second lien term loans that do not have fixed amortization schedules require payment of the principal amount of the loan upon the maturity date of the loan. Second lien term loans have less restrictive financial and negative covenants than those that govern first lien term loans.

        Mezzanine debt usually ranks subordinate in priority of payment to senior debt and is often unsecured. However, mezzanine debt ranks senior to common and preferred equity in a borrowers' capital structure. Mezzanine debt typically has fixed rate interest payments and a stated maturity of six to eight years and does not have fixed amortization schedules.

        In some cases, our debt investments may provide for a portion of the interest payable to be paid-in-kind interest. To the extent interest is paid-in-kind, it will be payable through the increase of the principal amount of the obligation by the amount of interest due on the then-outstanding aggregate principal amount of such obligation.

        Equity investments may consist of preferred equity that is expected to pay dividends on a current basis or preferred equity that does not pay current dividends. Preferred equity generally has a preference over common equity as to distributions on liquidation and dividends. In some cases, we may acquire common equity. In general, our equity investments are not control-oriented investments and we expect that in many cases we will acquire equity securities as part of a group of private equity investors in which we are not the lead investor.

        Opportunistic investments may include investments in distressed debt, which may include securities of companies in bankruptcy, debt and equity securities of public companies that are not thinly traded, emerging market debt, structured finance vehicles such as collateralized loan obligation funds and debt of middle market companies located outside the United States. In January 2008, we purchased for $30 million all of the outstanding subordinated notes of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD., or "GSCIC CLO," a collateralized loan obligation fund managed by us that invests primarily in leveraged loans. As of February 28, 2011, the GSCIC CLO portfolio consisted of $410.2 million in aggregate principal amount of primarily senior secured first lien term loans in 134 obligors with an average obligor exposure of $3.1 million and $19.9 million in uninvested cash. The weighted average maturity of the portfolio is 3.8 years.

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        Our investment adviser generally selects portfolio companies with one or more of the following characteristics:

        In managing us, Saratoga Investment Advisors employs the same investment philosophy and portfolio management methodologies used by Saratoga Partners. Through this investment selection process, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis, Saratoga Investment Advisors seeks to identify portfolio companies with superior fundamental risk-reward profiles and strong, defensible business franchises with the goal of minimizing principal losses while maximizing risk-adjusted returns. Saratoga Investment Advisors' investment process emphasizes the following:

Our investment adviser's investment process generally includes the following steps:

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        In general, our investment adviser intends to select investments with financial covenants and terms that reduce leverage over time, thereby enhancing credit quality. These methods include:

In addition, limitations on asset sales and capital expenditures should prevent a company from changing the nature of its business or capitalization without consent.

        Our investment adviser seeks, where appropriate, to limit the downside potential of our investments by:

        We carry our investments at fair value, as determined in good faith using written policies and procedures adopted by our board of directors. Investments for which market quotations are readily available are recorded in our financial statements at such market quotations subject to any decision by our board of directors to make a fair value determination to reflect significant events affecting the value of these investments. We value investments for which market quotations are not readily available at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors based on input from Saratoga Investment Advisors, our audit committee and, if our board or audit committee so request, a third party independent valuation firm. Determinations of fair value may involve subjective judgments and estimates. The types of factors that may be considered in a fair value pricing include the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company's ability to make payments, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, market yield trend analysis, comparison to publicly traded companies, discounted cash flow and other relevant factors.

        Our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO is carried at fair value, which is based on a discounted cash flow model that utilizes prepayment, re-investment and loss assumptions based on historical experience and projected performance, economic factors, the characteristics of the underlying cash flow, and comparable yields for similar collateralized loan obligation fund subordinated notes or equity, when available. Specifically, we use Intex cash flow models, or an appropriate substitute, to form the basis for GSCIC CLO's valuation. The models use a set of assumptions including projected default rates, recovery rates, reinvestment rate and prepayment rates in order to arrive at estimated

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cash flows. The assumptions are based on available market data and projections provided by third parties as well as management estimates. We use the output from the Intex models (i.e., the estimated cash flows from our investment in GSCIC CLO) to perform a discounted cash flows analysis on expected future cash flows from our investment in GSCIC CLO to determine a valuation for the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO held by us.

        We undertake a multi-step valuation process each quarter when valuing investments for which market quotations are not readily available, as described below:

In addition, all our investments are subject to the following valuation process:

        Because such valuations, and particularly valuations of private investments and private companies, are inherently uncertain, they may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates. The determination of fair value by our board of directors may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these investments existed. Our net asset value could be materially affected if the determinations regarding the fair value of our investments were materially higher or lower than the values that we ultimately realize upon the disposal of such investments.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors will closely monitor each investment we make and, when appropriate, will conduct a regular dialogue with both the management team and other debtholders and seek specifically tailored financial reporting. In addition, in certain circumstances, senior investment professionals of Saratoga Investment Advisors may take board seats or board observation seats.

Distributions

        Our distributions, if any, will be determined by our board of directors and paid out of assets legally available for distribution. Any such distributions will be taxable to our stockholders, including to those stockholders who receive additional shares of our common stock pursuant to our dividend reinvestment plan. Prior to January 2009, we paid quarterly dividends to our stockholders. However, in January 2009, we suspended the practice of paying quarterly dividends to our stockholders and have only paid two dividend distributions (in December 2009 and December 2010) to our stockholders since such time. We are prohibited from making distributions that cause us to fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios stipulated by the 1940 Act or that violate our debt covenants.

        In order to maintain our qualification as a RIC, we must for each fiscal year distribute an amount equal to at least 90% of our ordinary net taxable income and realized net short-term capital gains in

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excess of realized net long-term capital losses, if any, reduced by deductible expenses. In addition, we will be subject to federal excise taxes to the extent we do not distribute during the calendar year at least (1) 98% of our ordinary income for the calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gains in excess of capital losses for the one year period ending on October 31 of the calendar year and (3) any ordinary income and net capital gains for preceding years that were not distributed during such years. For the 2010 calendar year, we made distributions sufficient such that we did not incur any federal excise taxes. We may elect to withhold from distribution a portion of our ordinary income for the 2011 calendar year and/or portion of the capital gains in excess of capital losses realized during the one year period ending October 31, 2010, if any, and, if we do so, we would expect to incur federal excise taxes as a result.

        We maintain an "opt out" dividend reinvestment plan for our common stockholders. As a result, if we declare a dividend, then stockholders' cash dividends will be automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless they specifically "opt out" of the dividend reinvestment plan so as to receive cash dividends.

        Pursuant to a recent revenue procedure ("Revenue Procedure 2010-12" or "Revenue Procedure") issued by the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS"), the IRS has indicated that it will treat distributions from certain publicly traded RICs (including BDCs) that are paid part in cash and part in stock as dividends that would satisfy the RIC's annual distribution requirements and qualify for the dividends paid deduction for federal income tax purposes. In order to qualify for such treatment, the Revenue Procedure requires that at least 10% of the total distribution be payable in cash and that each stockholder have a right to elect to receive its entire distribution in cash. If too many stockholders elect to receive cash, each stockholder electing to receive cash must receive a proportionate share of the cash to be distributed (although no stockholder electing to receive cash may receive less than 10% of such stockholder's distribution in cash). This Revenue Procedure applies to distributions declared on or before December 31, 2012 with respect to taxable years ending on or before December 31, 2011. We may pay dividends in shares of our stock pursuant to the Revenue Procedure in the future.

        In this regard, on November 12, 2010, we declared a dividend of $4.40 per share payable on December 29, 2010. Stockholders had the option to receive payment of the dividend in cash, shares of common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of common stock, provided that the aggregate cash payable to all stockholders was limited to $1.2 million. Based on stockholder elections, the dividend consisted of $1.2 million in cash and 596,235 shares of common stock, or 22% of our outstanding common stock prior to the dividend payment. The amount of cash elected to be received was greater than the cash limit of 10.0% of the aggregate dividend amount, thus resulting in the payment of a combination of cash and stock to stockholders who elected to receive cash.

Competition

        Our primary competitors in providing financing to private middle market companies include public and private investment funds, commercial and investment banks and commercial financing companies. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial and marketing resources than us. For example, some competitors may have access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which may allow them to consider a wider variety of investments. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on us as a BDC. For additional information concerning the competitive risks we face, please see Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors—We operate in a highly competitive market for investment opportunities."

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Staffing

        We do not currently have any employees and do not expect to have any employees in the future. Services necessary for our business are provided by individuals who are employees of Saratoga Investment Advisors, pursuant to the terms of the investment advisory and management agreement and the administration agreement. For a discussion of the investment advisory and management agreement, see "Business—Investment Advisory and Management Agreement" below. We reimburse Saratoga Investment Advisors for our allocable portion of expenses incurred by it in performing its obligations under the administration agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the cost of our officers and their respective staffs, subject to certain limitations. Under the administration agreement, the payments required to be made to the administrator during the first year of the initial term of the agreement will be capped such that the amounts payable to the administrator will not exceed $1.0 million. The existence of a cap, and the determination of a proper cap amount, in the second year of the term will be determined by the mutual agreement of the independent directors, on our behalf, and the administrator.

Investment Advisory and Management Agreement

        Saratoga Investment Advisors serves as our investment adviser. Subject to the overall supervision of our board of directors, Saratoga Investment Advisors manages our day-to-day operations and provides investment advisory and management services to us. Under the terms of an investment advisory and management agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors:

        Saratoga Investment Advisors services under the investment advisory and management agreement are not exclusive, and it is free to furnish similar services to other entities.

        Pursuant to the investment advisory and management agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors, we pay Saratoga Investment Advisors a fee for investment advisory and management services consisting of two components—a base management fee and an incentive fee.

        The base management fee is paid quarterly in arrears, and equals 1.75% per annum of our gross assets (other than cash or cash equivalents but including assets purchased with borrowed funds) and calculated at the end of each fiscal quarter based on the average value of our gross assets (other than cash or cash equivalents but including assets purchased with borrowed funds) as of the end of such fiscal quarter and the end of the immediate prior fiscal quarter. Base management fees for any partial month or quarter are appropriately pro-rated.

        The incentive fee has the following two parts:

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Examples of Quarterly Incentive Fee Calculation

        Pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed hurdle rate, therefore there is no incentive fee.

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        Pre-incentive fee net investment income exceeds hurdle rate, but does not fully satisfy the "catch-up" provision, therefore the income related portion of the incentive fee is 0.3575%.

Incentive Fee   =   (100% × (pre-incentive fee net investment income – 1.875%)
    =   100% (2.2325% – 1.875%)
    =   100% (0.3575%)
    =   0.3575%

(1)
The hypothetical amount of pre-incentive fee net investment income shown is based on a percentage of total net assets.

(2)
Represents 7.5% annualized hurdle rate.

(3)
Represents 1.75% annualized management fee. For the purposes of this example, we have assumed that we have not incurred any indebtedness and that we maintain no cash or cash equivalents.

(4)
The "catch-up" provision is intended to provide our investment adviser with an incentive fee of 20% on all pre-incentive fee net investment income as if a hurdle rate did not apply when our net investment income exceeds 2.344% in any fiscal quarter.

        Pre-incentive fee net investment income exceeds the hurdle rate, and fully satisfies the "catch-up" provision, therefore the income related portion of the incentive fee is 0.5467%.

Incentive fee   =   100% × pre-incentive fee net investment income (subject to "catch-up")(4)
Incentive fee   =   100% × "catch-up" + (20% × (Pre-incentive fee net investment income – 2.344%))
Catch up   =   2.344% – 1.875%
    =   0.469%
Incentive fee   =   (100% × 0.469%) + (20% × (2.7325% – 2.344%))
    =   0.469% + (20% × 0.3885%)
    =   0.469% + 0.0777%
    =   0.5467%

Example 2: Capital Gains Portion of Incentive Fee:

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        The capital gains portion of the incentive fee, if any, calculated under the cumulative method would be:

        The capital gains portion of the incentive fee, if any, calculated under the cumulative method would be:


(1)
The examples assume that Investment A and Investment B were acquired by us subsequent to May 31, 2010. If Investment A and B were acquired by us prior to May 31, 2010, then the cost basis for computing our realized gains and losses on such investments would equal the fair value of such investments as of May 31, 2010.

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        The investment advisory and management agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors was approved by our board of directors at an in-person meeting of the directors, including a majority of our independent directors, and was approved by our stockholders at the special meeting of stockholders held on July 30, 2010.

        In approving this agreement, the directors considered, among other things, (i) the nature, extent and quality of the advisory and other services to be provided to us by Saratoga Investment Advisors; (ii) our investment performance and the investment performance of Saratoga Investment Advisors; (iii) the expected costs of the services to be provided by Saratoga Investment Advisors (including management fees, advisory fees and expense ratios) and the profits expected to be realized by Saratoga Investment Advisors; (iv) the limited potential for economies of scale in investment management associated with managing us; and (v) Saratoga Investment Advisors estimated pro forma profitability with respect to managing us.

        The investment advisory and management agreement will continue in effect for a period of two years from its effective date, and if not sooner terminated, will continue in effect for a successive period of 12 months thereafter, provided that each continuance is specifically approved at least annually by both (i) the vote of a majority of the board members or the vote of a majority of our outstanding voting securities (as such term is defined in the 1940 Act) and (ii) the vote of a majority of the board members who are not parties to the investment advisory and management agreement or interested persons (as such term is defined in the 1940 Act) of any such party, cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on such approval. The investment advisory and management agreement may be terminated as a whole at any time by us, without the payment of any penalty, upon the vote of a majority of the board members or a majority of our outstanding voting securities or by Saratoga Investment Advisors, on 60 days' written notice by either party to the other, which notice may be waived by the non-terminating party.

        The investment advisory and management agreement provides that all investment professionals of Saratoga Investment Advisors and its staff, when and to the extent engaged in providing investment advisory services required to be provided by Saratoga Investment Advisors, and the compensation and routine overhead expenses of such personnel allocable to such services, will be provided and paid for by Saratoga Investment Advisors and not by us.

        We will bear all costs and expenses of our operations and transactions, including those relating to:

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        The investment advisory and management agreement will remain in effect continuously, unless terminated under the termination provisions of the agreement. The investment advisory and management agreement provides that it may be terminated at any time, without the payment of any penalty, upon 60 days' written notice, by the vote of stockholders holding a majority of our outstanding voting securities, or by the vote of our directors or by Saratoga Investment Advisors.

        The investment advisory and management agreement will, unless terminated as described above, continue until the second anniversary of its effective date and will continue in effect from year to year thereafter so long as it is approved at least annually by (i) the vote of the board of directors, or by the vote of stockholders holding a majority of our outstanding voting securities, and (ii) the vote of a majority of our directors who are not parties to the investment advisory and management agreement or "interested persons" (as such term is defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the 1940 Act) of any party to such agreement, in accordance with the requirements of the 1940 Act.

        Under the investment advisory and management agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates are not liable to us for any action taken or omitted to be taken by Saratoga Investment Advisors in connection with the performance of any of its duties or obligations under the agreement or otherwise as an investment adviser to us, except to the extent specified in Section 36(b) of the 1940 Act concerning loss resulting from a breach of fiduciary duty (as the same is finally determined by judicial proceedings) with respect to the receipt of compensation for services and except to the extent such action or omission constitutes gross negligence, willful misfeasance, bad faith or reckless disregard of its duties and obligations under the agreement.

        We also provide indemnification to Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates for damages, liabilities, costs and expenses incurred by them in or by reason of any pending, threatened or completed action, suit, investigation or other proceeding arising out of or otherwise based upon the

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performance of any of its duties or obligations under the agreement or otherwise as an investment adviser to us. However, we would not provide indemnification against any liability to us or our security holders to which Saratoga Investment Advisors or such affiliates would otherwise be subject by reason of willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of any such person's duties or by reason of the reckless disregard of its duties and obligations under the agreement.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors is registered as an investment adviser under the Advisers Act. The principal executive offices of Saratoga Investment Advisors are located at 535 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022.

Administration Agreement

        Pursuant to a separate administration agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors, who also serves as our administrator, furnishes us with office facilities, equipment and clerical, book-keeping and record keeping services. The administration agreement has an initial two year term commencing on July 30, 2010. Under the administration agreement, our administrator also performs, or oversees the performance of, our required administrative services, which include, among other things, being responsible for the financial records which we are required to maintain, preparing reports for our stockholders and reports required to be filed with the SEC. In addition, our administrator assists us in determining and publishing our net asset value, oversees the preparation and filing of our tax returns and the printing and dissemination of reports to our stockholders, and generally oversees the payment of our expenses and the performance of administrative and professional services rendered to us by others. Payments under the administration agreement equal to an amount based upon our allocable portion of our administrator's overhead in performing its obligations under the administration agreement, including rent and our allocable portion of the cost of our officers and their respective staffs relating to the performance of services under this agreement (including travel expenses). Our allocable portion is based on the proportion that our total assets bears to the total assets administered or managed by our administrator. Under the administration agreement, our administrator also provides managerial assistance, on our behalf, to those portfolio companies who accept our offer of assistance. Under the administration agreement, the payments required to be made to the administrator with respect to any fiscal quarter during the first year of the initial term of the agreement will be capped such that the amounts payable to the administrator, together with all of our other operating expenses, will not exceed $1.0 million. The existence of a cap, and the determination of a proper cap amount, in the second year of the term will be determined by the mutual agreement of the independent directors, on our behalf, and the administrator. The administration agreement may be terminated by either party without penalty upon 60 days' written notice to the other party.

        Under the administration agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates are not liable to us for any action taken or omitted to be taken by Saratoga Investment Advisors in connection with the performance of any of its duties or obligations under the agreement.

        We also provide indemnification to Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates for damages, liabilities, costs and expenses incurred by them in or by reason of any pending, threatened or completed action, suit, investigation or other proceeding arising out of or otherwise based upon the performance of any of its duties or obligations under the agreement or otherwise as an administrator to us. However, we do not provide indemnification against any liability to us or our security holders to which Saratoga Investment Advisors or such affiliates would otherwise be subject by reason of willful

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misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of any such person's duties or by reason of the reckless disregard of its duties and obligations under the agreement.

License Agreement

        We entered into a trademark license agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors, pursuant to which Saratoga Investment Advisors grants us a non-exclusive, royalty-free license to use the name "Saratoga." Under this agreement, we have a right to use the "Saratoga" name, for so long as Saratoga Investment Advisors or one of its affiliates remains our investment adviser. Other than with respect to this limited license, we have no legal right to the "Saratoga" name. Saratoga Investment Advisors has the right to terminate the license agreement if it is no longer acting as our investment adviser. In the event the investment advisory and management agreement is terminated, we would be required to change our name to eliminate the use of the name "Saratoga."

Regulation

        We have elected to be treated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. As with other companies regulated by the 1940 Act, a BDC must adhere to certain substantive regulatory requirements. The 1940 Act contains prohibitions and restrictions relating to transactions between BDCs and their affiliates (including any investment advisers or sub-advisers), principal underwriters and affiliates of those affiliates or underwriters, and requires that a majority of the directors be persons other than "interested persons," as that term is defined in the 1940 Act. In addition, the 1940 Act provides that we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or to withdraw our election as, a BDC, unless approved by a majority of our outstanding voting securities. A majority of the outstanding voting securities of a company is defined under the 1940 Act as the lesser of: (i) 67% or more of such company's stock present at a meeting if more than 50% of the outstanding stock of such company is present and represented by proxy or (ii) more than 50% of the outstanding stock of such company.

        Under the 1940 Act, a BDC may not acquire any asset other than assets of the type listed in Section 55(a) of the 1940 Act, which are referred to as qualifying assets, unless, at the time the acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the company's total assets. The principal categories of qualifying assets relevant to our business are the following:

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        As a BDC we offer, and must provide upon request, managerial assistance to our portfolio companies. This assistance could involve, among other things, monitoring the operations of our portfolio companies, participating in board and management meetings, consulting with and advising officers of portfolio companies and providing other organizational and financial guidance. Pursuant to a separate administration agreement, our investment adviser provides such managerial assistance on our behalf to portfolio companies that request this assistance, recognizing that our involvement with each investment will vary based on factors including the size of the company, the nature of our investment, the company's overall stage of development and our relative position in the capital structure. We may receive fees for these services.

        In addition, a BDC must have been organized and have its principal place of business in the United States and must be operated for the purpose of making investments in the types of securities described in (1), (2) or (3) above under "—Qualifying assets." However, in order to count portfolio securities as qualifying assets for the purpose of the 70% test, the BDC must either control the issuer of the securities or must offer to make available to the issuer of the securities (other than small and solvent companies described above) significant managerial assistance; except that, where the BDC purchases such securities in conjunction with one or more other persons acting together, one of the other persons in the group may make available such managerial assistance. Making available significant managerial assistance means, among other things, any arrangement whereby the BDC, through its directors, officers or employees, offers to provide, and, if accepted, does so provide, significant guidance and counsel concerning the management, operations or business objectives and policies of a portfolio company.

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        As a BDC, pending investment in other types of "qualifying assets," as described above, our investments may consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. Government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, which we refer to, collectively, as temporary investments, so that 70% of our assets are qualifying assets. Typically, we will invest in U.S. Treasury bills or in repurchase agreements, provided that such agreements are fully collateralized by cash or securities issued by the U.S. Government or its agencies. A repurchase agreement involves the purchase by an investor, such as us, of a specified security and the simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase it at an agreed-upon future date and at a price which is greater than the purchase price by an amount that reflects an agreed-upon interest rate. There is no percentage restriction on the proportion of our assets that may be invested in such repurchase agreements. However, if more than 25% of our total assets constitute repurchase agreements from a single counterparty, we would not meet the asset diversification requirements in order to qualify as a RIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Thus, we do not intend to enter into repurchase agreements with a single counterparty in excess of this limit. Our investment adviser will monitor the creditworthiness of the counterparties with which we enter into repurchase agreement transactions.

        As a BDC, we are permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of indebtedness and one class of shares of stock senior to our common stock if our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 200% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any indebtedness and senior securities remain outstanding, we must generally make provisions to prohibit any distribution to our stockholders or the repurchase of such securities or stock unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. We may also borrow amounts up to 5% of the value of our total assets for temporary or emergency purposes without regard to asset coverage.

        We are generally not able to issue and sell our common stock at a price below net asset value per share. We may, however, sell our common stock, warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the current net asset value of the common stock if our board of directors determines that such sale is in our best interests and that of our stockholders, and our stockholders approve such sale. In any such case, the price at which our securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price which, in the determination of our board of directors, closely approximates the market value of such securities (less any distributing commission or discount). We may also make rights offerings to our stockholders at prices per share less than the net asset value per share, subject to applicable requirements of the 1940 Act.

        As a BDC, we and Saratoga Investment Advisors have each adopted a code of ethics pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the 1940 Act that establishes procedures for personal investments and restricts certain personal securities transactions. Personnel subject to each code may invest in securities for their personal investment accounts, including securities that may be purchased or held by us, so long as such investments are made in accordance with the code's requirements.

        SEC registered investment advisers that have the authority to vote (client) proxies (which authority may be implied from a general grant of investment discretion) are required to adopt policies and procedures reasonably designed to ensure that the adviser votes proxies in the best interests of its clients. Registered investment advisers also must maintain certain records on proxy voting. In most cases, we will invest in securities that do not generally entitle us to voting rights in our portfolio companies. When we do have voting rights, we will delegate the exercise of such rights to our investment adviser.

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        Saratoga Investment Advisors has particular proxy voting policies and procedures in place. In determining how to vote, officers of Saratoga Investment Advisors will consult with each other, taking into account our interests and the interests of our investors, as well as any potential conflicts of interest. Saratoga Investment Advisors will consult with legal counsel to identify potential conflicts of interest. Where a potential conflict of interest exists, Saratoga Investment Advisors may, if it so elects, resolve it by following the recommendation of a disinterested third party, by seeking the direction of our independent directors or, in extreme cases, by abstaining from voting. While Saratoga Investment Advisors may retain an outside service to provide voting recommendations and to assist in analyzing votes, it will not delegate its voting authority to any third party.

        An officer of Saratoga Investment Advisors will keep a written record of how all such proxies are voted. It will retain records of (1) proxy voting policies and procedures, (2) all proxy statements received (or it may rely on proxy statements filed on the SEC's EDGAR system in lieu thereof), (3) all votes cast, (4) investor requests for voting information, and (5) any specific documents prepared or received in connection with a decision on a proxy vote. If it uses an outside service, Saratoga Investment Advisors may rely on such service to maintain copies of proxy statements and records, so long as such service will provide a copy of such documents promptly upon request.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors' proxy voting policies are not exhaustive and are designed to be responsive to the wide range of issues that may be subject to a proxy vote. In general, Saratoga Investment Advisors will vote our proxies in accordance with these guidelines unless: (1) it has determined otherwise due to the specific and unusual facts and circumstances with respect to a particular vote, (2) the subject matter of the vote is not covered by these guidelines, (3) a material conflict of interest is present, or (4) it finds it necessary to vote contrary to its general guidelines to maximize stockholder value or our best interests.

        In reviewing proxy issues, Saratoga Investment Advisors generally will use the following guidelines:

        Elections of Directors:    In general, Saratoga Investment Advisors will vote in favor of the management-proposed slate of directors. If there is a proxy fight for seats on a portfolio company's board of directors, or Saratoga Investment Advisors determines that there are other compelling reasons for withholding our vote, it will determine the appropriate vote on the matter. It may withhold votes for directors that fail to act on key issues, such as failure to: (1) implement proposals to declassify a board, (2) implement a majority vote requirement, (3) submit a rights plan to a stockholder vote or (4) act on tender offers where a majority of stockholders have tendered their shares. Finally, Saratoga Investment Advisors may withhold votes for directors of non-U.S. issuers where there is insufficient information about the nominees disclosed in the proxy statement.

        Appointment of Auditors:    We believe that a portfolio company remains in the best position to choose its independent auditors and Saratoga Investment Advisors will generally support management's recommendation in this regard.

        Changes in Capital Structure:    Changes in a portfolio company's organizational documents may be required by state or federal regulation. In general, Saratoga Investment Advisors will cast our votes in accordance with the management on such proposals. However, Saratoga Investment Advisors will consider carefully any proposal regarding a change in corporate structure that is not required by state or federal regulation.

        Corporate Restructurings, Mergers and Acquisitions:    We believe proxy votes dealing with corporate reorganizations are an extension of the investment decision. Accordingly, Saratoga Investment Advisors will analyze such proposals on a case-by-case basis and vote in accordance with its perception of our interests.

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        Proposals Affecting Stockholder Rights:    We will generally vote in favor of proposals that give stockholders a greater voice in the affairs of a portfolio company and oppose any measure that seeks to limit such rights. However, when analyzing such proposals, Saratoga Investment Advisors will balance the financial impact of the proposal against any impairment of stockholder rights as well as of our investment in the portfolio company.

        Corporate Governance:    We recognize the importance of good corporate governance. Accordingly, Saratoga Investment Advisors will generally favor proposals that promote transparency and accountability within a portfolio company.

        Anti-Takeover Measures:    Saratoga Investment Advisors will evaluate, on a case-by-case basis, any proposals regarding anti-takeover measures to determine the measure's likely effect on stockholder value dilution.

        Share Splits:    Saratoga Investment Advisors will generally vote with management on share split matters.

        Limited Liability of Directors:    Saratoga Investment Advisors will generally vote with management on matters that could adversely affect the limited liability of directors.

        Social and Corporate Responsibility:    Saratoga Investment Advisors will review proposals related to social, political and environmental issues to determine whether they may adversely affect stockholder value. It may abstain from voting on such proposals where they do not have a readily determinable financial impact on stockholder value.

        We are committed to protecting the privacy of our stockholders. The following explains the privacy policies of Saratoga Investment Corp., Saratoga Investment Advisors and their affiliated companies.

        We will safeguard, according to strict standards of security and confidentiality, all information we receive about our stockholders. The only information we collect from stockholders is the holder's name, address, number of shares and social security number. This information is used only so that we can send annual reports and other information about us to the stockholder, and send the stockholder proxy statements or other information required by law.

        We do not share this information with any non-affiliated third party except as described below.

        As a BDC, we will be periodically examined by the SEC for compliance with the 1940 Act.

        We are required to provide and maintain a bond issued by a reputable fidelity insurance company to protect us against larceny and embezzlement. Furthermore, as a BDC, we are prohibited from

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protecting any director or officer against any liability to us or our stockholders arising from willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such person's office.

        We and Saratoga Investment Advisors are each required to adopt and implement written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violation of the federal securities laws, review these policies and procedures annually for their adequacy and the effectiveness of their implementation, and designate a chief compliance officer to be responsible for administering the policies and procedures.

        We may be prohibited under the 1940 Act from knowingly participating in certain transactions with our affiliates without the prior approval of our board of directors who are not interested persons and, in some cases, prior approval by the SEC. Thus, based on current SEC interpretations, co-investment transactions involving a BDC like us and an entity that is advised by Saratoga Investment Advisors or an affiliated adviser generally could not be effected without SEC relief. The staff of the SEC has, however, granted no-action relief permitting for purchases of a single class of privately-placed securities provided that the adviser negotiates no term other than price and certain other conditions are met. As a result, currently we only expect to co-invest on a concurrent basis with affiliates of Saratoga Investment Advisors when each of us will own the same securities of the issuer and when no term is negotiated other than price. Any such investment would be made, subject to compliance with existing regulatory guidance, applicable regulations and our allocation procedures.

        We may in the future submit an exemptive application to the SEC to permit greater flexibility to negotiate the terms of co-investments because we believe that it will be advantageous for us to co-invest with affiliates of Saratoga Investment Advisors where such investment is consistent with the investment objective, investment positions, investment policies, investment strategies, investment restrictions, regulatory requirements and other pertinent factors applicable to us. However, there is no assurance that any application for exemptive relief, if made, would be granted by the SEC.

Available Information

        We file with or submit to the SEC annual, quarterly and current periodic reports, proxy statements and other information meeting the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). You may inspect and copy these reports, proxy statements and other information at the Public Reference Room of the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Copies of these reports, proxy and information statements and other information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC's Public Reference Section, Washington, D.C. 20549-0102. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet website that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information filed electronically by us with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov. Our Internet address is http://www.saratogainvestmentcorp.com. We make available free of charge on our Internet website our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report, and you should not consider that information to be part of this Annual Report.

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Item 1A.    Risk Factors

        Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. The risks set forth below are not the only risks we face. If any of the following risks occur, our business and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, our net asset value and the trading price of our common stock could decline.

The current state of the economy and financial markets increases the likelihood of adverse effects on our financial position and results of operations.

        The broader economic fundamentals of the United States economy remain uncertain. Unemployment levels remain elevated and other economic fundamentals remain depressed. In the event that the United States economic performance contracts, it is likely that the financial results of middle market companies, like those in which we invest, could experience deterioration or limited growth, which could ultimately lead to difficulty in meeting their debt service requirements and an increase in defaults. Consequently, we can provide no assurance that the performance of certain of our portfolio companies will not be negatively impacted by economic or other conditions, which could also have a negative impact on our future results.

        Although we have been able to secure access to additional liquidity, the potential for volatility in the debt and in the equity capital markets provides no assurance that debt or equity capital will be available to us in the future on favorable terms, or at all.

Saratoga Investment Advisors has a limited history of managing a BDC or a RIC.

        The 1940 Act and the Code impose numerous constraints on the operations of BDCs and RICs that do not apply to the other investment vehicles previously managed by the principals of Saratoga Investment Advisors. For example, under the 1940 Act, BDCs are required to invest at least 70% of their total assets primarily in securities of qualifying U.S. private or thinly-traded companies. Moreover, qualification for taxation as a RIC under subchapter M of the Code requires satisfaction of source-of-income and diversification requirements and our ability to avoid corporate-level taxes on our income and gains depends on our satisfaction of distribution requirements. The failure to comply with these provisions in a timely manner could prevent us from qualifying as a BDC or RIC or could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties, which could be material.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors has been our investment adviser since July 30, 2010. Prior to that time, Saratoga Investment Advisors did not have any prior experience managing a BDC or RIC and its lack of experience in managing a portfolio of assets under the constraints imposed by the 1940 Act and the Code on a BDC and a RIC, respectively, may hinder its ability to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities and, as a result, achieve our investment objective.

We may be obligated to pay Saratoga Investment Advisors incentive fees even if we incur a net loss, regardless of the market value of our common stock.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors is entitled to incentive fees for each fiscal quarter in an amount equal to a percentage of the excess of our investment income for that quarter (before deducting incentive compensation, but net of operating expenses and certain other items) above a threshold return for that quarter. Our pre-incentive fee net investment income, for incentive compensation purposes, excludes realized and unrealized capital gains or losses that we may incur in the fiscal quarter, even if such capital gains or losses result in a net gain or loss on our statement of operations for that quarter. Thus, we may be required to pay Saratoga Investment Advisors incentive fees for a fiscal quarter even if there is a decline in the value of our portfolio or we incur a net loss for that quarter.

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Under the terms of the investment advisory and management agreement, we may have to pay incentive fees to Saratoga Investment Advisors in connection with the sale of an investment that is sold at a price higher than the fair value of such investment on May 31, 2010, even if we incur a loss on the sale of such investment.

        Incentive fees on capital gains paid to Saratoga Investment Advisors under the investment advisory and management agreement equals 20% of our "incentive fee capital gains," which equals our realized capital gains on a cumulative basis from May 31, 2010 through the end of the year, if any, computed net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fee. Under the investment advisory and management agreement, the capital gains portion of the incentive fee is based on realized gains and realized and unrealized losses from May 31, 2010. Therefore, realized and unrealized losses incurred prior to such time will not be taken into account when calculating the capital gains portion of the incentive fee, and Saratoga Investment Advisors will be entitled to 20% of the incentive fee capital gains that arise after May 31, 2010. In addition, the cost basis for computing realized gains and losses on investments held by us as of May 31, 2010 will equal the fair value of such investments as of such date. As a result, we may be required to pay incentive fees to Saratoga Investment Advisors on the sale of an investment even if we incur a realized loss on such investment, so long as the investment is sold for an amount greater than its fair value as of May 31, 2010.

The way in which the base management and incentive fees under the investment advisory and management agreement is determined may encourage Saratoga Investment Advisors to take actions that may not be in our stockholders' best interests.

        The incentive fee payable by us to our investment adviser may create an incentive for it to make investments on our behalf that are risky or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangement, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during cyclical economic downturns. The way in which the incentive fee payable to our investment adviser is determined, which is calculated separately in two components as a percentage of the income (subject to a hurdle rate) and as a percentage of the realized gain on invested capital, may encourage our investment adviser to use leverage to increase the return on our investments or otherwise manipulate our income so as to recognize income in quarters where the hurdle rate is exceeded. Moreover, we pay Saratoga Investment Advisors a base management fee based on our total assets, including any investments made with borrowings, which may create an incentive for it to cause us to incur more leverage than is prudent, or not to repay our outstanding indebtedness when it may be advantageous for us to do so, in order to maximize its compensation. Under certain circumstances, the use of leverage may increase the likelihood of default, which would disfavor the holders of our common stock.

        The incentive fee payable by us to our investment adviser also may create an incentive for our investment adviser to invest on our behalf in instruments that have a deferred interest feature. Under these investments, we would accrue the interest over the life of the investment but would not receive the cash income from the investment until the end of the investment's term, if at all. Our net investment income used to calculate the income portion of our incentive fee, however, includes accrued interest. Thus, a portion of the incentive fee would be based on income that we have not yet received in cash and may never receive in cash if the portfolio company is unable to satisfy such interest payment obligation to us. Consequently, while we may make incentive fee payments on income accruals that we may not collect in the future and with respect to which we do not have a "claw back" right against our investment adviser per se, the amount of accrued income written off in any period will reduce the income in the period in which such write-off was taken and may thereby reduce such period's incentive fee payment.

        In addition, Saratoga Investment Advisors receives a quarterly income incentive fee based, in part, on our pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, for the immediately preceding calendar quarter. This income incentive fee is subject to a fixed quarterly hurdle rate before providing an income

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incentive fee return to Saratoga Investment Advisors. This fixed hurdle rate was determined when then current interest rates were relatively low on a historical basis. Thus, if interest rates rise, it would become easier for our investment income to exceed the hurdle rate and, as a result, more likely that Saratoga Investment Advisors will receive an income incentive fee than if interest rates on our investments remained constant or decreased.

        Moreover, our investment adviser receives the incentive fee based, in part, upon net capital gains realized on our investments. Unlike the portion of the incentive fee based on income, there is no performance threshold applicable to the portion of the incentive fee based on net capital gains. As a result, our investment adviser may have a tendency to invest more in investments that are likely to result in capital gains as compared to income producing securities. Such a practice could result in our investing in more speculative securities than would otherwise be the case, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during economic downturns.

        Our board of directors will seek to ensure that Saratoga Investment Advisors is acting in the best interests of our stockholders and that any conflict of interest faced by Saratoga Investment Advisors in its capacity as our investment adviser does not negatively impact us.

The base management fee we pay to Saratoga Investment Advisors may cause it to increase our leverage contrary to our interest.

        We pay Saratoga Investment Advisors a quarterly base management fee based on the value of our total assets (including any assets acquired with leverage). Accordingly, Saratoga Investment Advisors has an economic incentive to increase our leverage. Our board of directors monitors the conflicts presented by this compensation structure by approving the amount of leverage that we incur. If our leverage is increased, we will be exposed to increased risk of loss, bear the increase cost of issuing and servicing such senior indebtedness, and will be subject to any additional covenant restrictions imposed on us in an indenture or other instrument or by the applicable lender.

We employ leverage, which magnifies the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested and may increase the risk of investing in us.

        Borrowings, also known as leverage, magnify the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested and, therefore, increase the risks associated with investing in us. We borrow from and issue senior debt securities to banks and other lenders. Holders of these senior securities have fixed dollar claims on our assets that are superior to the claims of our common stockholders. If the value of our assets increases, then leveraging would cause the net asset value attributable to our common stock to increase more sharply than it would have had we not leveraged. Conversely, if the value of our assets decreases, leveraging would cause the net asset value to decline more sharply than it otherwise would have had we not leveraged. Similarly, any increase in our income in excess of interest payable on the borrowed funds would cause our net income to increase more than it would without the leverage, while any decrease in our income would cause net income to decline more sharply than it would have had we not borrowed. Such a decline could negatively affect our ability to make common stock dividend payments. Leverage is generally considered a speculative investment technique and involves risks and special considerations for stockholders, including:

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Saratoga Investment Advisors' liability is limited under the investment advisory and management agreement and we will indemnify Saratoga Investments Advisors against certain liabilities, which may lead it to act in a riskier manner on our behalf than it would when acting for its own account.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors has not assumed any responsibility to us other than to render the services described in the investment advisory and management agreement. Pursuant to the investment advisory and management agreement, Saratoga Investment Advisors and its officers and employees are not liable to us for their acts under the investment advisory and management agreement absent willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard in the performance of their duties. We have agreed to indemnify, defend and protect Saratoga Investment Advisors and its officers and employees with respect to all damages, liabilities, costs and expenses resulting from acts of Saratoga Investment Advisors not arising out of willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard in the performance of their duties under the investment advisory and management agreement. These protections may lead Saratoga Investment Advisors to act in a riskier manner when acting on our behalf than it would when acting for its own account.

Substantially all of our assets are subject to security interests under our senior secured revolving credit facility with Madison Capital Funding and if we default on our obligations under the facility, we may suffer adverse consequences, including Madison Capital Funding foreclosing on our assets.

        Substantially all of our assets are pledged as collateral under our senior secured revolving credit facility with Madison Capital Funding. If we default on our obligations under this facility, Madison Capital Funding may have the right to foreclose upon and sell, or otherwise transfer, the collateral subject to its security interests. In such event, we may be forced to sell our investments to raise funds to repay our outstanding borrowings in order to avoid foreclosure and these forced sales may be at times and at prices we would not consider advantageous. Moreover, such deleveraging of our company could significantly impair our ability to effectively operate our business in the manner in which we have historically operated.

        In addition, if Madison Capital Funding exercises its right to sell the assets pledged under the senior secured revolving credit facility, such sales may be completed at distressed sale prices, thereby diminishing or potentially eliminating the amount of cash available to us after repayment of the amounts outstanding under the senior secured revolving credit facility.

Changes in interest rates may affect our cost of capital and net investment income.

        Because we may borrow to fund our investments, a portion of our net investment income may be dependent upon the difference between the interest rate at which we borrow funds and the interest rate at which we invest these funds. A portion of our investments will have fixed interest rates, while a portion of our borrowings will likely have floating interest rates. As a result, a significant change in market interest rates could have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. In periods of rising interest rates, our cost of funds could increase, which would reduce our net investment income. We may hedge against such interest rate fluctuations by using standard hedging instruments such as futures, options and forward contracts, subject to applicable legal requirements, including without limitation, all necessary registrations (or exemptions from registration) with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. These activities may limit our ability to participate in the benefits of lower interest rates with respect to the hedged borrowings. Adverse developments resulting from changes in

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interest rates or hedging transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

There are significant potential conflicts of interest which could adversely impact our investment returns.

        Our executive officers and directors, and the members of our investment adviser, serve or may serve as officers, directors or principals of entities that operate in the same or a related line of business as we do or of investment funds managed by our affiliates. Accordingly, they may have obligations to investors in those entities, the fulfillment of which might not be in the best interests of us or our stockholders. For example, Christian L. Oberbeck, our chief executive officer and managing member of our investment adviser, is the managing partner of Saratoga Partners, a middle-market private equity investment firm. In addition, the principals of our investment adviser may manage other funds which may from time to time have overlapping investment objectives with those of us and accordingly invest in, whether principally or secondarily, asset classes similar to those targeted by us. If this should occur, the principals of our investment adviser will face conflicts of interest in the allocation of investment opportunities to us and such other funds. Although our investment professionals will endeavor to allocate investment opportunities in a fair and equitable manner, we and our common stockholders could be adversely affected in the event investment opportunities are allocated among us and other investment vehicles managed or sponsored by, or affiliated with, our executive officers, directors and investment adviser, and the members of our investment adviser.

We may in the future choose to pay dividends in our own stock, in which case you may be required to pay tax in excess of the cash you receive.

        We may distribute taxable dividends that are payable in part in our stock. For example, on November 12, 2010, our board of directors declared a dividend of $4.40 per share to shareholders payable in cash or shares of our common stock, in accordance with the provisions of the IRS Revenue Procedure 2010-12, which allows a publicly-traded RIC to satisfy its distribution requirements with a distribution paid partly in common stock provided that at least 10% of the distribution is payable in cash. Taxable stockholders receiving such dividends will be required to include the full amount of the dividend as ordinary income (or as long-term capital gain to the extent such distribution is properly designated as a capital gain dividend) to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits for United States federal income tax purposes. As a result, a U.S. stockholder may be required to pay tax with respect to such dividends in excess of any cash received. If a U.S. stockholder sells the stock it receives as a dividend in order to pay this tax, the sales proceeds may be less than the amount included in income with respect to the dividend, depending on the market price of our stock at the time of the sale. Furthermore, with respect to non-U.S. stockholders, we may be required to withhold U.S. tax with respect to such dividends, including in respect of all or a portion of such dividend that is payable in stock. In addition, if a significant number of our stockholders determine to sell shares of our stock in order to pay taxes owed on dividends, it may put downward pressure on the trading price of our stock.

Changes in laws or regulations governing our operations, or changes in the interpretation thereof, and any failure by us to comply with laws or regulations governing our operations may adversely affect our business.

        We are subject to regulation at the local, state and federal levels. These laws and regulations, as well as their interpretation, may be changed from time to time. Any change in these laws or regulations, or their interpretation, or any failure by us to comply with these laws or regulations may adversely affect our business.

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Regulations governing our operation as a BDC will affect our ability to raise additional capital.

        We have indebtedness outstanding under the senior secured revolving credit facility we have with Madison Capital Funding and we may issue debt securities or preferred stock, which we refer to collectively as "senior securities," up to the maximum amount permitted by the 1940 Act. Under the provisions of the 1940 Act, we are permitted, as a BDC, to incur indebtedness or issue senior securities only in amounts such that our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, equals at least 200% after such incurrence or issuance. If the value of our assets declines, we may be unable to satisfy this test, which could prohibit us from paying dividends and prevent us from qualifying as a RIC. If we cannot satisfy this test, we may be required to sell a portion of our investments and, depending on the nature of our leverage, repay a portion of our indebtedness at a time when such sales may be disadvantageous.

        We are not generally able to issue and sell our common stock at a price below net asset value per share. We may, however, sell our common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the current net asset value of the common stock if our board of directors determines that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our stockholders, and our stockholders approve such sale. In any such case, the price at which our securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price which, in the determination of our board of directors, closely approximates the market value of such securities (less any commission or discount). If our common stock trades at a discount to net asset value, this restriction could adversely affect our ability to raise capital.

        To generate cash for funding new investments, we pledged a substantial portion of our portfolio investments under the senior secured revolving credit facility we have with Madison Capital Funding. Such assets are not available to secure other sources of funding. Our ability to obtain additional secured or unsecured financing on attractive terms in the future is uncertain. An inability to obtain additional leverage through secured or unsecured financing of our loan portfolio could limit our ability to grow our business, fully execute our business strategy and decrease our earnings, if any.

There is a risk that you may not receive distributions or that our distributions may not grow over time.

        As a BDC for 1940 Act purposes and a RIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we intend to make distributions out of assets legally available for distribution to our stockholders once such distributions are authorized by our board of directors and declared by us. We cannot assure you that we will achieve investment results that will allow us to make a specified level of cash distributions or year-to-year increases in cash distributions. In addition, due to the asset coverage test that is applicable to us as a BDC, we may be limited in our ability to make distributions. Further, if we invest a greater amount of assets in equity securities that do not pay current dividends, it could reduce the amount available for distribution.

A failure on our part to maintain our qualification as a BDC would significantly reduce our operating flexibility.

        If we fail to qualify as a BDC, we might be regulated as a registered closed-end investment company under the 1940 Act, which would significantly decrease our operating flexibility.

We will be subject to corporate-level income tax if we fail to qualify as a RIC.

        We seek to maintain our qualification as a RIC under the Code, which requires us to qualify continuously as a BDC and meet certain source of income, distribution and asset diversification requirements.

        The source of income requirement is satisfied if we derive at least 90% of our annual gross income from interest, dividends, payments with respect to certain securities loans, gains from the sale or other

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disposition of securities or options thereon or foreign currencies, or other income derived with respect to our business of investing in such securities or currencies, and net income from interests in "qualified publicly traded partnerships," as defined in the Code.

        The annual distribution requirement is satisfied if we distribute to our stockholders on an annual basis an amount equal to at least 90% of our ordinary net taxable income and realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses, if any, reduced by deductible expenses. We are subject to certain asset coverage ratio requirements under the 1940 Act and covenants under the senior secured revolving credit facility we have with Madison that could, under certain circumstances, restrict us from making distributions necessary to qualify as a RIC. In such case, if we are unable to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify as a RIC and, thus, may be subject to corporate-level income tax.

        The diversification requirements will be satisfied if we diversify our holdings so that at the end of each quarter of the taxable year: (i) at least 50% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, securities of other regulated investment companies, and other securities if such other securities of any one issuer do not represent more than 5% of the value of our assets or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer; and (ii) no more than 25% of the value of our assets is invested in the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other regulated investment companies, of one issuer or of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable tax rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or in certain publicly traded partnerships.

        Failure to meet these tests may result in our having to (i) dispose of certain investments quickly or (ii) raise additional capital to prevent the loss of our RIC qualification. Because most of our investments will be in private companies, any such dispositions could be made at disadvantageous prices and may result in substantial losses. If we raise additional capital to satisfy the asset diversification requirements, it could take us time to invest such capital. During this period, we will invest the additional capital in temporary investments, such as cash and cash equivalents, which we expect will earn yields substantially lower than the interest income that we anticipate receiving in respect of investments in leveraged loans and mezzanine debt.

        If we fail to qualify as a RIC for any reason, all of our taxable income will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates. The resulting corporate taxes could substantially reduce our net assets, the amount of income available for distribution and the amount of our distributions. Such a failure would have a material adverse effect on us and our stockholders.

Because we intend to distribute between 90% and 100% of our income to our stockholders in connection with our election to be treated as a RIC, we will continue to need additional capital to finance our growth. If additional funds are unavailable or not available on favorable terms, our ability to grow will be impaired.

        In order to qualify for the tax benefits available to RICs and to minimize corporate-level taxes, we intend to distribute to our stockholders between 90% and 100% of our annual taxable income, except that we may retain certain net capital gains for investment, and treat such amounts as deemed distributions to our stockholders. If we elect to treat any amounts as deemed distributions, we must pay income taxes at the corporate rate on such deemed distributions on behalf of our stockholders. As a result of these requirements, we will likely need to raise capital from other sources to grow our business. As a BDC, we generally are required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets, less liabilities and indebtedness not represented by senior securities, to total senior securities, which includes all of our borrowings and any outstanding preferred stock, of at least 200%. These requirements limit the amount that we may borrow. Because we will continue to need capital to grow our investment portfolio, these limitations may prevent us from incurring debt and require us to raise additional equity at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so.

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        While we expect to be able to borrow and to issue additional debt and equity securities, we cannot assure you that debt and equity financing will be available to us on favorable terms, or at all. Also, as a BDC, we generally are not permitted to issue equity securities priced below net asset value without stockholder approval. If additional funds are not available to us, we could be forced to curtail or cease new investment activities, and our net asset value and share price could decline.

We may have difficulty paying our required distributions if we recognize income before or without receiving cash in respect of such income.

        For federal income tax purposes, we may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive a corresponding payment in cash. For example, we may on occasion hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having original issue discount (such as debt instruments with payment-in-kind interest or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the original issue discount that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. For the year ended February 28, 2011, we received PIK income of $1.1 million. We may also have to include in income other amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as deferred loan origination fees that are paid after origination of the loan or are paid in non-cash compensation such as warrants or stock. In addition, we may be required to accrue for federal income tax purposes amounts attributable to our investment in GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD., a collateralized loan obligation fund, that may differ from the distributions paid in respect of our investment in the subordinated notes of such collateralized loan obligation fund because of the factors set forth above or because distributions on the subordinated notes are contractually required to be diverted for reinvestment or to pay down outstanding indebtedness.

        Because any original issue discount or other amounts accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the annual distribution requirement, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount. As a result, we may have difficulty meeting the annual distribution requirement necessary to obtain and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code. We may have to sell some of our investments at times and/or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.

Our ability to enter into transactions with our affiliates is restricted.

        We are prohibited under the 1940 Act from participating in certain transactions with certain of our affiliates without the prior approval of the members of our independent directors and, in some cases, the SEC. Any person that owns, directly or indirectly, 5% or more of our outstanding voting securities is our affiliate for purposes of the 1940 Act and we are generally prohibited from buying or selling any securities (other than our securities) from or to such affiliate, absent the prior approval of our independent directors. The 1940 Act also prohibits certain "joint" transactions with certain of our affiliates, which could include investments in the same portfolio company (whether at the same or different times), without prior approval of our independent directors and, in some cases, the SEC. If a person acquires more than 25% of our voting securities, we are prohibited from buying or selling any security (other than any security of which we are the issuer) from or to such person or certain of that person's affiliates, or entering into prohibited joint transactions with such person, absent the prior approval of the SEC. Similar restrictions limit our ability to transact business with our officers, directors or investment adviser or their affiliates. As a result of these restrictions, we may be prohibited from buying or selling any security (other than any security of which we are the issuer) from or to any portfolio company of a private equity fund managed by our investment adviser without the prior

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approval of the SEC, which may limit the scope of investment opportunities that would otherwise be available to us.

We operate in a highly competitive market for investment opportunities.

        A number of entities compete with us to make the types of investments that we make in private middle market companies. We compete with other BDCs, public and private funds, commercial and investment banks, commercial financing companies, insurance companies, high-yield investors, hedge funds, and, to the extent they provide an alternative form of financing, private equity funds. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than us. Some competitors may have a lower cost of funds and access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments that could allow them to consider a wider variety of investments and establish more relationships than us. Furthermore, many of our competitors are not subject to the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on us as a BDC. As a result of this competition, we may not be able to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities from time to time, and we cannot assure you that we will be able to identify and make investments that meet our investment objective.

        We do not seek to compete primarily based on the interest rates we offer and we believe that some of our competitors may make loans with interest rates that are comparable to or lower than the rates we offer.

        We may lose investment opportunities if we do not match our competitors' pricing, terms and structure. If we match our competitors' pricing, terms and structure, we may experience decreased net interest income and increased risk of credit loss. As a result of operating in such a competitive environment, we may make investments that are on better terms to our portfolio companies than we originally anticipated, which may impact our return on these investments.

Economic recessions or downturns could impair our portfolio companies and harm our operating results.

        Many of our portfolio companies may be susceptible to economic slowdowns or recessions and may be unable to repay our debt investments during these periods. Therefore, our non-performing assets are likely to increase and the value of our portfolio is likely to decrease during these periods. Adverse economic conditions also may decrease the value of collateral securing some of our debt investments and the value of our equity investments. Economic slowdowns or recessions could lead to financial losses in our portfolio and a decrease in revenues, net income and assets. Unfavorable economic conditions also could increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us. These events could prevent us from increasing investments and harm our operating results.

We are a non-diversified investment company within the meaning of the 1940 Act, and therefore we are not limited with respect to the proportion of our assets that may be invested in securities of a single issuer.

        We are classified as a non-diversified investment company within the meaning of the 1940 Act, which means that we are not limited by the 1940 Act with respect to the proportion of our assets that we may invest in securities of a single issuer. Although we seek to maintain a diversified portfolio in accordance with our business strategies, to the extent that we assume large positions in the securities of a small number of issuers, our net asset value may fluctuate to a greater extent than that of a diversified investment company as a result of changes in the financial condition or the market's assessment of the issuer. We may also be more susceptible to any single economic or regulatory occurrence than a diversified investment company. Beyond our RIC asset diversification requirements,

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we do not have fixed guidelines for diversification, and our investments could be concentrated in relatively few portfolio companies.

Our financial condition and results of operation depend on our ability to manage future investments effectively.

        Our ability to achieve our investment objective depends on our ability to acquire suitable investments and monitor and administer those investments, which depends, in turn, on Saratoga Investment Advisors' ability to identify, invest in and monitor companies that meet our investment criteria.

        Accomplishing this result on a cost-effective basis is largely a function of Saratoga Investment Advisors' structuring of the investment process and its ability to provide competent, attentive and efficient service to us. Our executive officers and the officers and employees of Saratoga Investment Advisors have substantial responsibilities in connection with their roles at Saratoga Partners as well as responsibilities under the investment advisory and management agreement. They may also be called upon to provide managerial assistance to our portfolio companies. These demands on their time, which will increase as the number of investments grow, may distract them or slow the rate of investment. In order to grow, Saratoga Investment Advisors may need to hire, train, supervise and manage new employees. However, we cannot assure you that any such employees will contribute to the work of Saratoga Investment Advisors. Any failure to manage our future growth effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition

We are exposed to risks associated with changes in interest rates.

        General interest rate fluctuations and changes in credit spreads on floating rate loans may have a substantial negative impact on our investments and investment opportunities and, accordingly, may have a material adverse effect on our rate of return on invested capital. In addition, an increase in interest rates would make it more expensive to use debt to finance our investments. Decreases in credit spreads on debt that pays a floating rate of return would have an impact on the income generation of our floating rate assets. Trading prices for debt that pays a fixed rate of return tend to fall as interest rates rise. Trading prices tend to fluctuate more for fixed-rate securities that have longer maturities. Although we have no policy governing the maturities of our investments, under current market conditions we expect that we will invest in a portfolio of debt generally having maturities of up to ten years. This means that we will be subject to greater risk (other things being equal) than an entity investing solely in shorter-term securities. A decline in the prices of the debt we own could adversely affect the trading price of our common stock.

We may experience fluctuations in our quarterly results.

        We could experience fluctuations in our quarterly operating results due to a number of factors, including the interest rate payable on the debt investments we make, the default rate on such investments, the level of our expenses, variations in and the timing of the recognition of realized and unrealized gains or losses, the degree to which we encounter competition in our markets and general economic conditions. As a result of these factors, results for any period should not be relied upon as being indicative of performance in future periods.

Substantially all of our portfolio investments are recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors; such valuations are inherently uncertain and may be materially higher or lower than the values that we ultimately realize upon the disposal of such investments.

        A large percentage of our portfolio is, and we expect will continue to be, comprised of investments that are not publicly traded. The value of investments that are not publicly traded may not be readily

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determinable. We value these investments quarterly at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. Where appropriate, our board of directors may utilize the services of an independent valuation firm to aid it in determining fair value. The types of factors that may be considered in valuing our investments include the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company's ability to make payments and its earnings, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, market yield trend analysis, comparison to publicly traded companies, discounted cash flow and other relevant factors. Because such valuations, and particularly valuations of private investments and private companies, are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these investments existed. Our net asset value could be materially affected if the determinations regarding the fair value of our investments were materially higher or lower than the values that we ultimately realize upon the disposal of such investments.

If we make unsecured debt investments, we may lack adequate protection in the event our portfolio companies become distressed or insolvent and will likely experience a lower recovery than more senior debtholders in the event our portfolio companies defaults on their indebtedness.

        We make unsecured debt investments in portfolio companies. Unsecured debt investments are unsecured and junior to other indebtedness of the portfolio company. As a consequence, the holder of an unsecured debt investment may lack adequate protection in the event the portfolio company becomes distressed or insolvent and will likely experience a lower recovery than more senior debtholders in the event the portfolio company defaults on its indebtedness. In addition, unsecured debt investments of middle-market companies are often highly illiquid and in adverse market conditions may experience steep declines in valuation even if they are fully performing.

If we invest in the securities and other obligations of distressed or bankrupt companies, such investments may be subject to significant risks, including lack of income, extraordinary expenses, uncertainty with respect to satisfaction of debt, lower-than expected investment values or income potentials and resale restrictions.

        We are authorized to invest in the securities and other obligations of distressed or bankrupt companies. At times, distressed debt obligations may not produce income and may require us to bear certain extraordinary expenses (including legal, accounting, valuation and transaction expenses) in order to protect and recover our investment. Therefore, to the extent we invest in distressed debt, our ability to achieve current income for our stockholders may be diminished.

        We also will be subject to significant uncertainty as to when and in what manner and for what value the distressed debt we invest in will eventually be satisfied (e.g., through a liquidation of the obligor's assets, an exchange offer or plan of reorganization involving the distressed debt securities or a payment of some amount in satisfaction of the obligation). In addition, even if an exchange offer is made or plan of reorganization is adopted with respect to distressed debt held by us, there can be no assurance that the securities or other assets received by us in connection with such exchange offer or plan of reorganization will not have a lower value or income potential than may have been anticipated when the investment was made.

        Moreover, any securities received by us upon completion of an exchange offer or plan of reorganization may be restricted as to resale. As a result of our participation in negotiations with respect to any exchange offer or plan of reorganization with respect to an issuer of distressed debt, we may be restricted from disposing of such securities.

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Second priority liens on collateral securing loans that we make to our portfolio companies may be subject to control by senior creditors with first priority liens. If there is a default, the value of the collateral may not be sufficient to repay in full both the first priority creditors and us.

        Certain loans that we make to portfolio companies will be secured on a second priority basis by the same collateral securing senior secured debt of such companies. The first priority liens on the collateral will secure the portfolio company's obligations under any outstanding senior debt and may secure certain other future debt that may be permitted to be incurred by the company under the agreements governing the loans. The holders of obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral will generally control the liquidation of and be entitled to receive proceeds from any realization of the collateral to repay their obligations in full before us. In addition, the value of the collateral in the event of liquidation will depend on market and economic conditions, the availability of buyers and other factors. There can be no assurance that the proceeds, if any, from the sale or sales of all of the collateral would be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens after payment in full of all obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral. If such proceeds are not sufficient to repay amounts outstanding under the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens, then we, to the extent not repaid from the proceeds of the sale of the collateral, will only have an unsecured claim against the company's remaining assets, if any.

        The rights we may have with respect to the collateral securing the loans we make to our portfolio companies with senior debt outstanding may also be limited pursuant to the terms of one or more intercreditor agreements that we enter into with the holders of senior debt. Under such an intercreditor agreement, at any time that obligations that have the benefit of the first priority liens are outstanding, any of the following actions that may be taken with respect to the collateral will be at the direction of the holders of the obligations secured by the first priority liens: the ability to cause the commencement of enforcement proceedings against the collateral; the ability to control the conduct of such proceedings; the approval of amendments to collateral documents; releases of liens on the collateral; and waivers of past defaults under collateral documents. We may not have the ability to control or direct such actions, even if our rights are adversely affected.

The lack of liquidity in our investments may adversely affect our business.

        We primarily make investments in private companies. A portion of these securities may be subject to legal and other restrictions on resale, transfer, pledge or other disposition or will otherwise be less liquid than publicly traded securities. The illiquidity of our investments may make it difficult for us to sell such investments if the need arises. In addition, if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we have previously recorded our investments. In addition, we may face other restrictions on our ability to liquidate an investment in a business entity to the extent that we or our investment adviser has or could be deemed to have material non-public information regarding such business entity.

The debt securities in which we invest are subject to credit risk and prepayment risk.

        An issuer of a debt security may be unable to make interest payments and repay principal. We could lose money if the issuer of a debt obligation is, or is perceived to be, unable or unwilling to make timely principal and/or interest payments, or to otherwise honor its obligations. The downgrade of a security by rating agencies may further decrease its value.

        Certain debt instruments may contain call or redemption provisions which would allow the issuer thereof to prepay principal prior to the debt instrument's stated maturity. This is known as prepayment risk. Prepayment risk is greater during a falling interest rate environment as issuers can reduce their cost of capital by refinancing higher interest debt instruments with lower interest debt instruments. An issuer may also elect to refinance their debt instruments with lower interest debt instruments if the

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credit standing of the issuer improves. To the extent debt securities in our portfolio are called or redeemed, we may receive less than we paid for such security and we may be forced to reinvest in lower yielding securities or debt securities of issuers of lower credit quality.

Our investment in GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. constitutes a leveraged investment in a portfolio of predominantly senior secured first lien term loans and is subject to additional risks and volatility.

        At February 28, 2011, our investment in the subordinated notes of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD., a collateralized loan obligation fund, had a fair value of $22.7 million and constituted 28.4% of our portfolio. This investment constitutes a first loss position in a portfolio that, as of February 28, 2011, was composed of $410.2 million in aggregate principal amount of primarily senior secured first lien term loans and $19.9 million in uninvested cash. A first loss position means that we will suffer the first economic losses if the value of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD decreases. First loss positions typically carry a higher risk and earn a higher yield. Interest payments generated from this portfolio will be used to pay the administrative expenses of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. and interest on the debt issued by GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. before paying a return on the subordinated notes. Principal payments will be similarly applied to pay administrative expenses of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. and for reinvestment or repayment of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. debt before paying a return on, or repayment of, the subordinated notes. In addition, 80% of our fixed management fee and 100% our incentive management fee for acting as the collateral manager of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. is subordinated to the payment of interest and principal on GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. debt. Any losses on the portfolio will accordingly reduce the cash flow available to pay these management fees and provide a return on, or repayment of, our investment. Depending on the amount and timing of such losses, we may experience smaller than expected returns and, potentially, the loss of our entire investment.

        As the manager of the portfolio of GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD., we will have some ability to direct the composition of the portfolio, but our discretion is limited by the terms of the debt issued by GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD., which may limit our ability to make investments that we feel are in the best interests of the subordinated notes, and the availability of suitable investments. The performance of the portfolio is also subject to many of the same risks sets forth in this Annual Report with respect to portfolio investments in leveraged loans.

Available information about privately held companies is limited.

        We invest primarily in privately-held companies. Generally, little public information exists about these companies, and we are required to rely on the ability of our investment adviser's investment professionals to obtain adequate information to evaluate the potential returns from investing in these companies. These companies and their financial information are not subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and other rules that govern public companies. If we are unable to uncover all material information about these companies, we may not make a fully informed investment decision, and we may lose money on our investments.

When we are a debt or minority equity investor in a portfolio company, we may not be in a position to control the entity, and its management may make decisions that could decrease the value of our investment.

        We make both debt and minority equity investments; therefore, we are subject to the risk that a portfolio company may make business decisions with which we disagree, and the stockholders and management of such company may take risks or otherwise act in ways that do not serve our interests. As a result, a portfolio company may make decisions that could decrease the value of our portfolio holdings.

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Our portfolio companies may incur debt or issue equity securities that rank equally with, or senior to, our investments in such companies.

        Our portfolio companies usually will have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt, or issue other equity securities that rank equally with, or senior to, our investments. By their terms, such instruments may provide that the holders are entitled to receive payment of dividends, interest or principal on or before the dates on which we are entitled to receive payments in respect of our investments. These debt instruments will usually prohibit the portfolio companies from paying interest on or repaying our investments in the event and during the continuance of a default under such debt. Also, in the event of insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of a portfolio company, holders of securities ranking senior to our investment in that portfolio company would typically be entitled to receive payment in full before we receive any distribution in respect of our investment. After repaying such holders, the portfolio company may not have any remaining assets to use for repaying its obligation to us. In the case of debtor equity ranking equally with our investments, we would have to share on an equal basis any distributions with other holders in the event of an insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of the relevant portfolio company.

There may be circumstances where our debt investments could be subordinated to claims of other creditors or we could be subject to lender liability claims.

        If one of our portfolio companies were to go bankrupt, even though we may have structured our interest as senior debt, depending on the facts and circumstances, including the extent to which we actually provided managerial assistance to that portfolio company, a bankruptcy court might re-characterize our debt holding and subordinate all or a portion of our claim to that of other creditors. In addition, lenders can be subject to lender liability claims for actions taken by them where they become too involved in the borrower's business or exercise control over the borrower. It is possible that we could become subject to a lender's liability claim, including as a result of actions taken if we actually render significant managerial assistance.

Investments in equity securities involve a substantial degree of risk.

        We purchase common stock and other equity securities. Although equity securities have historically generated higher average total returns than fixed-income securities over the long-term, equity securities also have experienced significantly more volatility in those returns and in recent years have significantly under performed relative to fixed-income securities. The equity securities we acquire may fail to appreciate and may decline in value or become worthless and our ability to recover our investment will depend on our portfolio company's success. Investments in equity securities involve a number of significant risks, including:

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        There are special risks associated with investing in preferred securities, including:

Our investments in foreign debt, including that of emerging market issuers, may involve significant risks in addition to the risks inherent in U.S. investments.

        Although there are limitations on our ability to invest in foreign debt, we may, from time to time, invest in debt of foreign companies, including the debt of emerging market issuers. Investing in foreign companies may expose us to additional risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. companies. These risks include changes in exchange control regulations, political and social instability, expropriation, imposition of foreign taxes, less liquid markets and less available information than is generally the case in the United States, higher transaction costs, less government supervision of exchanges, brokers and issuers, less developed bankruptcy laws, difficulty in enforcing contractual obligations, lack of uniform accounting and auditing standards and greater price volatility. Investments in the debt of emerging market issuers may subject us to additional risks such as inflation, wage and price controls, and the imposition of trade barriers. Furthermore, economic conditions in emerging market countries are, to some extent, influenced by economic and securities market conditions in other emerging market countries. Although economic conditions are different in each country, investors' reaction to developments in one country can have effects on the debt of issuers in other countries.

        Although most of our investments will be U.S. dollar-denominated, our investments that are denominated in a foreign currency will be subject to the risk that the value of a particular currency will change in relation to one or more other currencies. Among the factors that may affect currency values are trade balances, the level of short-term interest rates, differences in relative values of similar assets in different currencies, long-term opportunities for investment and capital appreciation, and political developments. We may employ hedging techniques to minimize these risks, but we cannot assure you that we will fully hedge against these risks or that such strategies will be effective.

We may expose ourselves to risks if we engage in hedging transactions.

        We may utilize instruments such as forward contracts, currency options and interest rate swaps, caps, collars and floors to seek to hedge against fluctuations in the relative values of our portfolio positions from changes in currency exchange rates and market interest rates. Use of these hedging instruments may expose us to counter-party credit risk. Hedging against a decline in the values of our portfolio positions does not eliminate the possibility of fluctuations in the values of such positions or prevent losses if the values of such positions decline. However, such hedging can establish other positions designed to gain from those same developments, thereby offsetting the decline in the value of such portfolio positions. Such hedging transactions may also limit the opportunity for gain if the values

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of the portfolio positions should increase. Moreover, it may not be possible to hedge against an exchange rate or interest rate fluctuation that is generally anticipated at an acceptable price.

Our board of directors may change our investment objective, operating policies and strategies without prior notice or stockholder approval, the effects of which may be adverse.

        Our board of directors has the authority to modify or waive our current investment objective, operating policies and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval. We cannot predict the effect any changes to our current operating policies and strategies would have on our business, financial condition, and value of our common stock. However, the effects might be adverse, which could negatively impact our ability to pay dividends and cause you to lose all or part of your investment.

Our common stock may trade at a discount to our net asset value per share.

        Common stock of BDCs, as closed-end investment companies, frequently trade at a discount to net asset value. Our common stock has traded at a discount to our net asset value since shortly after our initial public offering. The risk that our common stock may continue to trade at a discount to our net asset value is separate and distinct from the risk that our net asset value per share may decline.

Our investments may be risky, and you could lose all or part of your investment.

        Substantially all of our debt investments hold a non-investment grade rating by Moody's and/or Standard & Poor's or, where not rated by any rating agency, would be below investment grade, if rated. A below investment grade rating means that, in the rating agency's view, there is an increased risk that the obligor on such debt will be unable to pay interest and repay principal on its debt in full. We also invest in debt that defers or pays paid-in-kind interest. To the extent interest payments associated with such debt are deferred, such debt will be subject to greater fluctuations in value based on changes in interest rates, such debt could produce taxable income without a corresponding cash payment to us, and since we generally do not receive any cash prior to maturity of the debt, the investment will be of greater risk.

        In addition, private middle market companies in which we invest are exposed to a number of significant risks, including:

        In addition, our executive officers, directors and our investment adviser may, in the ordinary course of business, be named as defendants in litigation arising from our investments in the portfolio companies.

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Investing in our common stock may involve an above average degree of risk.

        The investments we make in accordance with our investment objective may result in a higher amount of risk than alternative investment options and volatility or loss of principal. Our investments in portfolio companies may be highly speculative and aggressive, and therefore, an investment in our common stock may not be suitable for someone with lower risk tolerance.

The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.

        The market price and liquidity of the market for our common stock may be significantly affected by numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be directly related to our operating performance. These factors include:

Provisions of our governing documents and the Maryland General Corporation Law could deter future takeover attempts and have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.

        We are governed by our charter and bylaws, which we refer to as our "governing documents."

        Our governing documents and the Maryland General Corporation Law contain provisions that may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a future transaction or change in control of us that might involve a premium price for our stockholders or otherwise be in their best interest.

        Our charter provides for the classification of our board of directors into three classes of directors, serving staggered three-year terms, which may render a change of control of us or removal of our incumbent management more difficult. Furthermore, any and all vacancies on our board of directors will be filled generally only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors in office, even if the remaining directors do not constitute a quorum, and any director elected to fill a vacancy will serve for the remainder of the full term until a successor is elected and qualifies.

        Our board of directors is authorized to create and issue new series of shares, to classify or reclassify any unissued shares of stock into one or more classes or series, including preferred stock and, without stockholder approval, to amend our charter to increase or decrease the number of shares of stock that we have authority to issue, which could have the effect of diluting a stockholder's ownership interest. Prior to the issuance of shares of stock of each class or series, including any reclassified series, our board of directors is required by our governing documents to set the terms, preferences, conversion

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or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other distributions, qualifications and terms or conditions of redemption for each class or series of shares of stock.

        Our governing documents also provide that our board of directors has the exclusive power to adopt, alter or repeal any provision of our bylaws, and to make new bylaws. The Maryland General Corporation Law also contains certain provisions that may limit the ability of a third party to acquire control of us, such as:

        The provisions of the Maryland Business Combination Act will not apply, however, if our board of directors adopts a resolution that any business combination between us and any other person will be exempt from the provisions of the Maryland Business Combination Act. Although our board of directors has adopted such a resolution, there can be no assurance that this resolution will not be altered or repealed in whole or in part at any time. If the resolution is altered or repealed, the provisions of the Maryland Business Combination Act may discourage others from trying to acquire control of us.

        As permitted by Maryland law, our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the Maryland Control Share Acquisition Act any and all acquisitions by any person of our common stock. Although our bylaws include such a provision, such a provision may also be amended or eliminated by our board of directors at any time in the future.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

        None.

Item 2.    Properties

        We do not own any real estate or other physical properties important to our operations, however, an affiliate of our investment adviser leases office space for our executive offices at 535 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

        Neither we nor Saratoga Investment Advisors are currently subject to any material legal proceedings.

Item 4.    Removed and Reserved

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PART II

Item 5.    Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Price range of common stock

        Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "SAR." Prior to July 30, 2010, our common stock traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "GNV." The following table sets forth, for the two most recent fiscal years and the current fiscal year, the range of high and low sales prices of our common stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange, the sales price as a percentage of our net asset value ("NAV") and the dividends declared by us for each fiscal quarter. The Net asset value per share and high and low sales prices listed below reflect the 1:10 reverse stock split that occurred on August 12, 2010.

Year ended February 28, 2010
  NAV(1)   High   Low  

First Quarter

  $ 88.50   $ 39.50   $ 15.00  

Second Quarter

  $ 69.10   $ 34.90   $ 20.90  

Third Quarter

  $ 37.98   $ 37.10   $ 17.00  

Fourth Quarter

  $ 32.75   $ 20.90   $ 14.20  

 

Year ended February 28, 2011
  NAV(1)   High   Low  

First Quarter

  $ 34.32   $ 25.50   $ 17.00  

Second Quarter

  $ 29.71   $ 20.40   $ 14.40  

Third Quarter

  $ 24.95   $ 22.66   $ 17.14  

Fourth Quarter

  $ 26.26   $ 21.68   $ 17.23  

 

 
   
  Price Range  
Year ended February 29, 2012
  NAV(1)   High   Low  

First Quarter through May 16, 2011

  $ *   $ 22.50   $ 20.37  

*
Not determinable at the time of filing.

(1)
Net asset value per share is determined as of the last day in the relevant quarter and therefore may not reflect the net asset value per share on the date of the high and low closing sales prices. The net asset values shown are based on outstanding shares at the end of each period.

Holders

        The last reported price for our common stock on May 16, 2011 was $20.90 per share. As of May 16, 2011, there were 31 holders of record of our common stock.

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Dividend Policy

        The following table summaries our dividends or distributions declared during fiscal 2009, 2010 and 2011:

Date Declared
  Record Date   Payment Date   Amount
per Share
 

May 22, 2008

  May 30, 2008   June 13, 2008   $ 3.90  

August 19, 2008

  August 29, 2008   September 15, 2008   $ 3.90  

December 8, 2008

  December 18, 2008   December 29, 2008   $ 2.50  
               

Total Dividends Declared for Fiscal 2009

          $ 10.30  
               

November 13, 2009

  November 25, 2009   December 31, 2009   $ 18.25  
               

Total Dividends Declared for Fiscal 2010

          $ 18.25  
               

November 12, 2010

  November 19, 2010   December 29, 2010   $ 4.400  
               

Total Dividends Declared for Fiscal 2011

          $ 4.400  
               

        Our distributions, if any, will be determined by our board of directors and paid out of assets legally available for distribution. Any such distributions will be taxable to our stockholders, including to those stockholders who receive additional shares of our common stock pursuant to our dividend reinvestment plan. Prior to January 2009, we paid quarterly dividends to our stockholders. However, in January 2009, we suspended the practice of paying quarterly dividends to our stockholders and have only made two dividend distributions (in December 2010 and 2009) to our stockholders since such time. We are prohibited from making distributions that cause us to fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios stipulated by the 1940 Act or that violate our debt covenants.

        Given the size of our asset base and our growing pipeline of attractive investments, our board of directors believes that using our capital resources to build and diversify our portfolio serves stockholders' interests best by better positioning us to generate current income and capital appreciation on an increasing scale in future periods. Therefore, our board of directors has determined not to pay any dividends at this time.

        In order to maintain our qualification as a RIC, we must for each fiscal year distribute an amount equal to at least 90% of our ordinary net taxable income and realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses, if any, reduced by deductible expenses. In addition, we will be subject to federal excise taxes to the extent we do not distribute during the calendar year at least (1) 98% of our ordinary income for the calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gains in excess of capital losses for the one year period ending on October 31 of the calendar year and (3) any ordinary income and net capital gains for preceding years that were not distributed during such years. For the 2010 calendar year, the Company made distributions sufficient such that we did not incur any federal excise taxes. We may elect to withhold from distribution a portion of our ordinary income for the 2011 calendar year and/or portion of the capital gains in excess of capital losses realized during the one year period ending October 31, 2011, if any, and, if we do so, we would expect to incur federal excise taxes as a result.

        We maintain an "opt out" dividend reinvestment plan for our common stockholders. As a result, if we declare a dividend, then stockholders' cash dividends will be automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock, unless they specifically "opt out" of the dividend reinvestment plan so as to receive cash dividends.

        Pursuant to a recent revenue procedure (Revenue Procedure 2010-12), or the Revenue Procedure, issued by the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, the IRS has indicated that it will treat distributions from certain publicly traded RICs (including BDCs) that are paid part in cash and part in stock as

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dividends that would satisfy the RIC's annual distribution requirements and qualify for the dividends paid deduction for federal income tax purposes. In order to qualify for such treatment, the Revenue Procedure requires that at least 10% of the total distribution be payable in cash and that each stockholder have a right to elect to receive its entire distribution in cash. If too many stockholders elect to receive cash, each stockholder electing to receive cash must receive a proportionate share of the cash to be distributed (although no stockholder electing to receive cash may receive less than 10% of such stockholder's distribution in cash). This Revenue Procedure applies to distributions declared on or before December 31, 2012 with respect to taxable years ending on or before December 31, 2011. We may pay dividends in shares of our stock pursuant to the Revenue Procedure in the future.

        In this regard, on November 12, 2010, we declared a dividend of $4.40 per share which was paid on December 29, 2010. Stockholders had the option to receive payment of the dividend in cash, shares of common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of common stock, provided that at least 10% of the distribution is payable in cash. Based on shareholder elections, the dividend consisted of $1.2 million in cash and 596,235 shares of common stock, or 22% of our outstanding common stock prior to the dividend payment. The amount of cash elected to be received was greater than the cash limit of 10.0% of the aggregate dividend amount, thus resulting in the payment of a combination of cash and stock to shareholders who elected to receive cash. The number of shares of common stock comprising the stock portion was calculated based on a price of $17.8049 per share, which equaled the volume weighted average trading price per share of the common stock on December 20, 21 and 22, 2010.

        In addition, on November 13, 2009, we declared a dividend of $18.25 per share payable on December 31, 2009. Stockholders had the option to receive payment of the dividend in cash, shares of common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of common stock, provided that the aggregate cash payable to all stockholders was limited to $2.1 million or $0.25 per share. Based on stockholder elections, the dividend consisted of $2.1 million in cash and 8,648,725 shares of common stock, or 104% of our outstanding common stock prior to the dividend payment. The amount of cash elected to be received was greater than the cash limit of 13.7% of the aggregate dividend amount, thus resulting in the payment of a combination of cash and stock to stockholders who elected to receive cash.

Performance Graph

        The following graph compares the return on our common stock with that of the Standard & Poor's 500 Stock Index and the NASDAQ Financial 100 index, for the period from March 23, 2007, the date our common stock began trading, through February 28, 2011. The graph assumes that, on March 23, 2007, a person invested $100 in each of our common stock, the Standard & Poor's 500 Stock Index and the NASDAQ Financial 100 index. The graph measures total shareholder return, which takes into

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account both changes in stock price and dividends. It assumes that dividends paid are reinvested in like securities.

GRAPHIC

        The graph and other information furnished under this Part II Item 5 of this Form 10-K shall not be deemed to be "soliciting material" or to be "filed" with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the 1934 Act. The stock price performance included in the above graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

Sales of unregistered securities

        Not applicable.

Issuer purchases of equity securities

        We did not purchase any shares of our common stock in the open market during the year ended February 28, 2011.

Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

        As of February 28, 2007, the Company (including its predecessors) had not yet commenced operations. The following selected financial and other data for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010, 2009 and 2008 are derived from our consolidated financial statements which have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, whose report thereon is included within this Annual Report. The data should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, which are included elsewhere in this Annual Report, and Part II, Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations".

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SARATOGA INVESTMENT CORP.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
(dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share numbers)

 
  Year Ended
February 28, 2011
  Year Ended
February 28, 2010
  Year Ended
February 28, 2009
  Year Ended
February 29, 2008
 

Income Statement Data:

                         

Interest and related portfolio income:

                         
 

Interest

  $ 12,050   $ 13,324   $ 21,142   $ 20,744  
 

Management fee and other income

    2,123     2,293     2,245     642  
                   
   

Total interest and related portfolio income

    14,173     15,617     23,387     21,386  
                   

Expenses:

                         
 

Interest and credit facility financing expenses

    2,612     4,096     2,605     5,031  
 

Base management and incentive management fees(1)

    3,514     2,278     4,432     3,650  
 

Administrator expenses

    810     671     961     892  
 

Administrative and other

    4,882     3,502     2,433     2,766  
 

Expense reimbursement

    (2,894 )   (671 )   (1,010 )   (1,789 )
                   
   

Total operating expenses after reimbursements

    8,924     9,876     9,421     10,550  
                   
 

Net investment income before income taxes

    5,249     5,741     13,966     10,836  
 

Income tax expenses, including excise tax

        (27 )   (140 )   (89 )
                   
 

Net investment income

    5,249     5,714     13,826     10,747  
                   
 

Realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investments and derivatives

                         
 

Net realized gain (loss)

    (24,684 )   (6,654 )   (7,143 )   3,908  
 

Net change in unrealized loss

    36,393     (9,523 )   (27,998 )   (20,106 )
                   
 

Total net gain (loss)

    11,709     (16,177 )   (35,141 )   (16,198 )
                   
   

Net increase/(decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

  $ 16,958   $ (10,463 ) $ (21,315 ) $ (5,451 )
                   

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  Year Ended
February 28, 2011
  Year Ended
February 28, 2010
  Year Ended
February 28, 2009
  Year Ended
February 29, 2008
 

Per Share:

                         

Earnings (loss) per common share—basic and diluted(2)

  $ 6.96   $ (9.90 ) $ (25.70 ) $ (7.00 )

Net investment income per share—basic and diluted(2)

  $ 2.15   $ 5.40   $ 16.70   $ 13.80  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) per share—basic and diluted(2)

  $ 4.81   $ (15.20 ) $ (42.40 ) $ (20.80 )

Dividends declared per common share(3)

  $ 4.40   $ 18.30   $ 10.30   $ 15.50  

Statement of Assets and Liabilities Data:

                         

Investment assets at fair value

  $ 80,025   $ 89,373   $ 118,912   $ 172,837  

Total assets

    98,769     96,935     130,662     192,842  

Total debt outstanding

    4,500     36,992     58,995     78,450  

Stockholders' equity

    86,071     55,478     68,014     97,869  

Net asset value per common share

  $ 26.26   $ 32.70   $ 82.00   $ 118.00  

Common shares outstanding at end of year

    3,277,077     16,940,109     8,291,384     8,291,384  

Other Data:

                         

Investments funded

  $ 9,014   $   $ 28,260   $ 314,003  

Principal collections related to investment repayments or sales

  $ 31,975   $ 15,185   $ 49,195   $ 141,772  

Number of investments at year end

    34     41     45     46  

Weighted average yield of income producing debt investments—Non-control/non-affiliate

    11.1 %   9.6 %   9.7 %   10.7 %

Weighted average yield on income producing debt investments—Control

    15.8 %   8.3 %   12.2 %   8.2 %

(1)
See note 6 in consolidated financial statements.

(2)
For the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010, 2009 and 2008 amounts are calculated using weighted average common shares outstanding of 2,437,577, 1,061,351, 829,138 and 776,196, respectively.

(3)
Based on 2.7 million common shares outstanding.

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Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

        The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes and other financial information appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report. In addition to historical information, the following discussion and other parts of this Annual Report contain forward-looking information that involves risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated by such forward-looking information due to the factors discussed under Part I, Item 1A "Risk Factors" and "Note about Forward-Looking Statements" appearing elsewhere herein.

Overview

        We are a Maryland corporation that has elected to be treated as a BDC. Our investment objective is to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, capital appreciation from our investments. We invest primarily in leveraged loans and mezzanine debt issued by private U.S. middle-market companies, both through direct lending and through participation in loan syndicates. We may also invest up to 30% of the portfolio in opportunistic investments in order to seek to enhance returns to stockholders. Such investments may include investments in distressed debt, which may include securities of companies in bankruptcy, foreign debt, private equity, securities of public companies that are not thinly traded and structured finance vehicles such as collateralized loan obligation funds. We have elected and qualified to be treated as a RIC under subchapter M of the Code.

        We commenced operations, at the time known as GSC Investment Corp., on March 23, 2007 and completed an initial public offering of shares of common stock on March 28, 2007. Prior to July 30, 2010, we were externally managed and advised by GSCP (NJ), L.P., an entity affiliated with GSC Group, Inc. In connection with the consummation of a recapitalization transaction on July 30, 2010, we engaged Saratoga Investment Advisors to replace GSCP (NJ), L.P. as our investment adviser and changed our name to Saratoga Investment Corp.

        The recapitalization transaction was necessitated by the fact that we had exceeded permissible borrowing limits under our revolving securitized credit facility with Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch in July 2009, which resulted in an event of default under the revolving securitized credit facility. As a result of the event of default under the revolving securitized credit facility, Deutsche Bank had the right to accelerate repayment of the outstanding indebtedness under the revolving securitized credit facility and to foreclose and liquidate the collateral pledged thereunder.

        As a result of the event of default, the auditors of GSC Investment Corp. (now known as Saratoga Investment Corp.) included in their audit report dated May 27, 2010 that there was substantial doubt about GSC Investment Corp.'s ability to continue as a going concern. In light of the event of default under the revolving securitized credit facility, we engaged the investment banking firm of Stifel, Nicolaus & Company to evaluate strategic transaction opportunities and consider alternatives for us in December 2008. On April 14, 2010, we entered into a stock purchase agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates and an assignment, assumption and novation agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors, pursuant to which we assumed certain rights and obligations of Saratoga Investment Advisors under a debt commitment letter Saratoga Investment Advisors received from Madison Capital Funding LLC, indicating Madison Capital Funding's willingness to provide us with a $40 million senior secured revolving credit facility, subject to the satisfaction of certain terms and conditions. In addition, we and GSCP (NJ), L.P. entered into a termination and release agreement, to be effective as of the closing of the transaction contemplated by the stock purchase agreement, pursuant to which GSCP (NJ), L.P., among other things, agreed to waive any and all accrued and unpaid deferred incentive management fees up to and as of the closing of the transaction contemplated by the stock purchase agreement but continued to be entitled to receive the base management fees

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earned through the date of the closing of the transaction contemplated by the stock purchase agreement.

        On July 30, 2010, the transactions contemplated by the stock purchase agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates were completed, and included the following actions:

        We used the net proceeds from the private sale transaction and a portion of the funds available to us under the $40 million senior secured revolving credit facility with Madison Capital Funding to pay the full amount of principal and accrued interest, including default interest, outstanding under our revolving securitized credit facility with Deutsche Bank. The revolving securitized credit facility with Deutsche Bank was terminated in connection with our payment of all amounts outstanding thereunder on July 30, 2010.

        On August 12, 2010, we effected a one-for-ten reverse stock split of our outstanding common stock. As a result of the reverse stock split, every ten shares of our common stock were converted into one share of our common stock. Any fractional shares received as a result of the reverse stock split were redeemed for cash. The total cash payment in lieu of shares was $230. Immediately after the reverse stock split, we had 2,680,842 shares of our common stock outstanding.

        We generate revenue in the form of interest income and capital gains on the debt investments that we hold and capital gains, if any, on equity interests that we may acquire. We expect our debt investments, whether in the form of leveraged loans or mezzanine debt, to have terms of up to

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ten years, and to bear interest at either a fixed or floating rate. Interest on debt will be payable generally either quarterly or semi-annually. In some cases, our debt investments may provide for a portion of the interest to be paid-in-kind ("PIK"). To the extent interest is paid-in-kind, it will be payable through the increase of the principal amount of the obligation by the amount of interest due on the then-outstanding aggregate principal amount of such obligation. The principal amount of the debt and any accrued but unpaid interest will generally become due at the maturity date. In addition, we may generate revenue in the form of commitment, origination, structuring or diligence fees, fees for providing managerial assistance or investment management services and possibly consulting fees. Any such fees will be generated in connection with our investments and recognized as earned. We may also invest in preferred equity securities that pay dividends on a current basis.

        Pursuant to an agreement with our former investment adviser, GSCP (NJ), L.P., entered into on October 17, 2006, prior to becoming a BDC, we acquired the right to act as investment adviser to GSC Partners CDO Fund III Limited, a collateralized debt obligation fund which we refer to as "CDO Fund III," and collect the management fees related thereto from March 20, 2007 until the liquidation of the CDO Fund III assets. We paid GSCP (NJ), L.P. a fair market price of $0.1 million for the right to act as investment adviser to CDO Fund III.

        On January 22, 2008, we entered into a collateral management agreement with GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD., a collateralized loan obligation fund which we refer to as "GSCIC CLO," pursuant to which we act as its collateral manager and receive a senior collateral management fee of 0.10% and a subordinate collateral management fee of 0.40% of the outstanding principal amount of GSCIC CLO's assets, paid quarterly to the extent of available proceeds. We are also entitled to an incentive management fee equal to 20% of excess cash flow to the extent the GSCIC CLO subordinated notes receive an internal rate of return equal to or greater than 12%.

        We recognize interest income on our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO using the effective interest method, based on the anticipated yield and the estimated cash flows over the projected life of the investment. Yields are revised when there are changes in actual or estimated cash flows due to changes in prepayments and/or re-investments, credit losses or asset pricing. Changes in estimated yield are recognized as an adjustment to the estimated yield over the remaining life of the investment from the date the estimated yield was changed.

        Our primary operating expenses include the payment of investment advisory and management fees, professional fees, directors and officers insurance, fees paid to independent directors and administrator expenses, including our allocable portion of our administrator's overhead. Our investment advisory and management fees compensate our investment adviser for its work in identifying, evaluating, negotiating, closing and monitoring our investments. We bear all other costs and expenses of our operations and transactions, including those relating to:

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        Pursuant to the investment advisory and management agreement that we had with GSCP (NJ), L.P., our former investment adviser and administrator, we had agreed to pay GSCP (NJ), L.P. as investment adviser a quarterly base management fee of 1.75% of the average value of our total assets (other than cash or cash equivalents but including assets purchased with borrowed funds) at the end of the two most recently completed fiscal quarters, and appropriately adjusted for any share issuances or repurchases during the applicable fiscal quarter, and an incentive fee.

        The incentive fee had two parts:

        We deferred cash payment of any incentive fee otherwise earned by our former investment adviser if, during the then most recent four full fiscal quarters ending on or prior to the date such payment was to be made, the sum of (a) our aggregate distributions to our stockholders and (b) our change in net assets (defined as total assets less liabilities) (before taking into account any incentive fees payable during that period) was less than 7.5% of our net assets at the beginning of such period. These

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calculations were appropriately pro rated for the first three fiscal quarters of operation and adjusted for any share issuances or repurchases during the applicable period. Such incentive fee would become payable on the next date on which such test had been satisfied for the most recent four full fiscal quarters or upon certain terminations of the investment advisory and management agreement. We commenced deferring cash payment of incentive fees during the quarterly period ended August 31, 2007, and continued to defer such payments through the quarterly period ended May 31, 2010. As of July 30, 2010, the date on which GSCP (NJ), L.P. ceased to be our investment adviser and administrator, we owed GSCP (NJ), L.P. $2.9 million in fees for services previously provided to us; of which $0.3 million has been paid by us. GSCP (NJ), L.P. agreed to waive payment by us of the remaining $2.6 million in connection with the consummation of the stock purchase transaction with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates described elsewhere in this prospectus.

        The terms of the investment advisory and management agreement with Saratoga Investment Advisors, our current investment adviser, are substantially similar to the terms of the investment advisory and management agreement we had entered into with GSCP (NJ), L.P., our former investment adviser, except for the following material distinctions in the fee terms:

        To the extent that any of our leveraged loans are denominated in a currency other than U.S. dollars, we may enter into currency hedging contracts to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in currency exchange rates. We may also enter into interest rate hedging agreements. Such hedging activities, which will be subject to compliance with applicable legal requirements, may include the use of interest rate caps, futures, options and forward contracts. Costs incurred in entering into or settling such contracts will be borne by us.

        From the commencement of operations until March 23, 2008, GSCP (NJ), L.P., our former investment adviser and administrator, was reimbursed by us for providing us administrative services for operating expenses to the extent that our total annual operating expenses (other than investment advisory and management fees and interest and credit facility expenses) exceeded an amount equal to 1.55% of our net assets attributable to common stock. Subsequently, the amount payable to GSCP (NJ), L.P., our former investment adviser and administrator, as administrator was capped to the effect that such amount, together with our other operating expenses, could not exceed an amount equal to 1.5% per annum of our net assets attributable to common stock. In addition, for the one-year term of the administration agreement expiring on March 21, 2011, GSCP (NJ), L.P. had agreed to waive our reimbursement obligation under the administration agreement until our total assets exceeded $500 million.

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Portfolio and investment activity


Corporate Debt Portfolio Overview(1)

 
  At February 28,
2011
  At February 28,
2010
  At February 28,
2009
 
 
  ($ in millions)
 

Number of investments

    34     38     42  

Number of portfolio companies

    24     27     35  

Average investment size

  $ 1.7   $ 1.9   $ 2.3  

Weighted average maturity

    3.1 yrs   2.5 yrs   3.8 yrs

Number of industries

    16     19     22  

Average investment per portfolio company

  $ 2.5   $ 2.7   $ 2.8  

Non-performing or delinquent investments

  $ 0.0   $ 18.5   $ 0.4  

Fixed rate debt (% of interest bearing portfolio)

  $ 9.4(18.6 )% $ 33.0(46.9 )% $ 40.3(41.8 )%

Weighted average current coupon

    13.8 %   11.6 %   11.7 %

Floating rate debt (% of interest bearing portfolio)

  $ 41.1(81.4 )% $ 37.4(53.1 )% $ 56.2(58.2 )%

Weighted average current spread over LIBOR

    5.6 %   7.6 %   5.9 %

(1)
Excludes our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO and investments in common stocks and limited partnership interests.

        During the fiscal year ended February 28, 2011, we made $9.0 million investments in new or existing portfolio companies and had $32.0 million in aggregate amount of exits and repayments resulting in net repayments of $23.0 million for the year.

        During the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010, we made no investments in new or existing portfolio companies and had $15.2 million in aggregate amount of exits and repayments resulting in net repayments of $15.2 million for the year.

        During the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009, we made 17 investments in an aggregate amount of $23.1 million in new portfolio companies and $5.2 million in investments in existing portfolio companies. Also during the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009, we had $49.2 million in aggregate amount of exits and repayments resulting in net repayments of $20.9 million for the year.

        Our portfolio composition at February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009 was as follows:


Portfolio composition

 
  At February 28, 2011   At February 28, 2010   At February 28, 2009  
 
  Percentage
of Total
Portfolio
  Weighted
Average
Current
Yield
  Percentage
of Total
Portfolio
  Weighted
Average
Current
Yield
  Percentage
of Total
Portfolio
  Weighted
Average
Current
Yield
 

First lien term loans

    23.1 %   9.5 %   18.6 %   8.6 %   14.4 %   6.8 %

Second lien term loans

    25.3     10.1     22.7     8.1     34.5     9.0  

Senior secured notes

    12.4     15.9     31.0     11.6     21.7     11.6  

Unsecured notes

    2.4     13.8     6.4     12.2     10.4     12.3  

GSCIC CLO subordinated notes

    28.4     15.8     18.7     8.3     18.8     12.2  

Equity interests

    8.4     N/A     2.6     N/A     0.1     N/A  

Limited partnership interests

        N/A         N/A     0.1     N/A  
                           

Total

    100.0 %   11.5 %   100.0 %   9.3 %   100.0 %   10.2 %
                           

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        Our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO represents a first loss position in a portfolio that, at February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009, was composed of $410.2, $387.1 and $416.0 million, respectively, in aggregate principal amount of predominantly senior secured first lien term loans. This investment is subject to unique risks. ("Risk Factors—Our investment in GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. constitutes a leveraged investment in a portfolio of predominantly senior secured first lien term loans and is subject to additional risks and volatility"). We do not consolidate the GSCIC CLO portfolio in our financial statements. Accordingly, the metrics below do not include the underlying GSCIC CLO portfolio investments. However, at February 28, 2011 and 2010, three and five GSCIC CLO portfolio investments were in default and 97.0% and 92.3%, respectively, of the GSCIC CLO portfolio investments had a CMR (as defined below) color rating of green or yellow.

        Saratoga Investment Advisors normally grades all of our investments using a credit and monitoring rating system ("CMR"). The CMR consists of a single component: a color rating. The color rating is based on several criteria, including financial and operating strength, probability of default, and restructuring risk. The color ratings are characterized as follows: (Green)—strong credit; (Yellow)—satisfactory credit; (Red)—payment default risk, in payment default and/or significant restructuring activity.

        The CMR distribution of our investments at February 28, 2011 and February 28, 2010 was as follows:


Portfolio CMR distribution

 
  At February 28, 2011   At February 28, 2010  
Color Score
  Investments at
Fair Value
  Percentage of
Total Portfolio
  Investments at
Fair Value
  Percentage of
Total Portfolio
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
  ($ in thousands)
 

Green

  $ 10,900     13.6 % $ 9,479     10.6 %

Yellow

    14,998     18.8     27,763     31.1  

Red

    24,660     30.8     33,222     37.2  

N/A(1)

    29,467     36.8     18,909     21.1  
                   

Total

  $ 80,025     100.0 % $ 89,373     100.0 %
                   

(1)
Comprised of our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO, equity interests, and limited partnership interests.

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Portfolio composition by industry grouping at fair value

        The following table shows the portfolio composition by industry grouping at fair value at February 28, 2011 and February 28, 2010.

 
  At February 28, 2011   At February 28, 2010  
 
  Investments at
Fair Value
  Percentage of
Total Portfolio
  Investments at
Fair Value
  Percentage of
Total Portfolio
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
 

Structured Finance Securities(1)

  $ 22,732     28.4 % $ 16,698     18.7 %

Consumer Products

    10,249     12.8     7,508     8.4  

Electronics

    8,634     10.8     6,617     7.4  

Healthcare Services

    8,014     10.0     7,190     8.0  

Manufacturing

    7,358     9.2     6,399     7.2  

Publishing

    5,855     7.3     6,710     7.5  

Metals

    4,231     5.3     3,794     4.3  

Environmental

    2,952     3.7     2,060     2.3  

Logistics

    2,499     3.1     2,230     2.5  

Packaging

    2,453     3.1     9,791     11.0  

Financial Services

    1,710     2.2     984     1.1  

Food and Beverage

    1,546     1.9     1,697     1.9  

Homebuilding

    816     1.0     3,634     4.1  

Oil and Gas

    317     0.4     1,129     1.2  

Education

    259     0.3     634     0.7  

Consumer Services

    245     0.3     255     0.3  

Building Products

    155     0.2     530     0.6  

Apparel

            6,910     7.7  

Printing

            1,614     1.8  

Natural Resources

            2,989     3.3  
                   

Total

  $ 80,025     100.0 % $ 89,373     100.0 %
                   

(1)
Comprised of our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO.


Portfolio composition by geographic location at fair value

        The following table shows the portfolio composition by geographic location at fair value at February 28, 2011 and February 28, 2010. The geographic composition is determined by the location of the corporate headquarters of the portfolio company.

 
  At February 28, 2011   At February 28, 2010  
 
  Investments at
Fair Value
  Percentage of
Total Portfolio
  Investments at
Fair Value
  Percentage of
Total Portfolio
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
 

Midwest

  $ 18,490     23.1 % $ 23,637     26.5 %

Other(1)

    22,732     28.4     16,698     18.7  

West

    16,332     20.4     14,695     16.4  

International

    2,453     3.1     12,781     14.3  

Northeast

    12,203     15.2     11,631     13.0  

Southeast

    7,815     9.8     9,931     11.1  

Mid-Atlantic

                 
                   

Total

  $ 80,025     100.0 % $ 89,373     100.0 %

(1)
Comprised of our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO.

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Results of operations

        Operating results for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009 are as follows:

 
  For the Year Ended  
 
  February 28,
2011
  February 28,
2010
  February 28,
2009
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
 

Total investment income

  $ 14,173   $ 15,617   $ 23,387  

Total expenses before waiver and reimbursement

    11,819     10,547     10,431  

Total expense waiver and reimbursement

    (2,895 )   (671 )   (1,010 )

Total expenses net of expense waiver and reimbursement

    8,924     9,876     9,421  
               
 

Net investment income before income taxes

    5,249     5,741     13,966  

Income tax expense, including excise tax

        (27 )   (140 )
               
 

Net investment income

    5,249     5,714     13,826  

Net realized losses

    (24,684 )   (6,654 )   (7,143 )

Net unrealized gains (losses)

    36,393     (9,523 )   (27,998 )
               

Net decrease in net assets resulting from operations

  $ 16,958   $ (10,463 ) $ (21,315 )
               

        The composition of our investment income in each period was as follows:

 
  February 28,
2011
  February 28,
2010
  February 28,
2009
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
 

Interest from investments

  $ 12,041   $ 13,300   $ 20,967  

Management of GSCIC CLO

    2,032     2,057     2,050  

Interest from cash and cash equivalents and other income

    100     260     370  
               

Total

  $ 14,173   $ 15,617   $ 23,387  
               

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, total investment income decreased $1.4 million, or 9.3% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010. The decrease is predominantly attributable to a smaller total average portfolio, partially offset by an increase in the effective interest rate earned on our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO. Interest income from our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO increased $0.9 million, or 2.7%, to $3.3 million for the year ended February 28, 2011 from $2.4 million for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010.

        For the year ended February 28, 2010, total investment income decreased $7.8 million, or 33% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009. The decrease is predominantly attributable to a decrease in the effective interest rate earned on our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO, an increase in the allowance for impaired loans and bonds, and a smaller total average portfolio. Interest income from our investment in the subordinated notes of GSCIC CLO decreased $2.0 million, or 45%, to $2.4 million for the year ended February 28, 2010 from $4.4 million for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009.

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        For the fiscal years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009, total PIK income was $1.1 million, $0.9 million and $0.8 million, respectively.

        The composition of our operating expenses in each period was as follows:


Operating Expenses

 
  February 28,
2011
  February 28,
2010
  February 28,
2009
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
 

Interest and credit facility expense

  $ 2,612   $ 4,096   $ 2,605  

Base management fees

    1,646     1,951     2,680  

Professional fees

    3,325     2,071     1,166  

Incentive management fees

    1,869     328     1,752  

Administrator expenses

    810     671     961  

Insurance expenses

    705     870     682  

Directors fees

    373     295     295  

General and administrative expenses

    479     265     290  

Other

             
               

Total operating expenses before manager waiver and reimbursement

  $ 11,819   $ 10,547   $ 10,431  
               

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, total operating expenses before manager expense waiver and reimbursement increased $1.3 million, or 12.1% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010. For the year ended February 28, 2010, total operating expenses before manager expense waiver and reimbursement increased $0.1 million, or 1.1% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009.

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, the decrease in interest and credit facility expense is primarily attributable to a decrease in outstanding debt during the year. For the year ended February 28, 2010, the Company recorded a one time non-cash charge of $0.5 million as a result of the write-off of deferred financing costs on its former credit facility, as a result of our July 30, 2009 event of default (please see "—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources" below for more information). For the year ended February 28, 2011, the weighted average interest rate on our outstanding indebtedness was 8.75% compared to 6.80% for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010 and 3.59% for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009.

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, base management fees decreased $0.3 million, or 15.6% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010. The reduction in base management fees results from the decrease in the average value of our total net assets and the continued reduction in the total portfolio size. For the year ended February 28, 2010, base management fees decreased $0.7 million, or 27.2% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009. The reduction in base management fees results from the decrease in the average value of our total net assets and the continued reduction in the total portfolio size.

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, professional fees increased $1.3 million, or 60.6% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010. For the year ended February 28, 2010, professional fees increased $0.9 million, or 77.6% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009. The increase in professional fees is attributable to additional legal and professional fees associated with the evaluation of strategic transaction opportunities including the refinancing of the Company's senior credit facility

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and the stock purchase transaction with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates described elsewhere in this Annual Report.

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, incentive management fees increased $1.5 million, or 470.3% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010. The increase in incentive management fees is primarily attributable to an increase in accrued incentive fees related to capital gains. For the year ended February 28, 2010, incentive management fees decreased $1.4 million, or 81.3% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009. The decrease in incentive management fees is primarily attributable to the decrease in investment income and the increase in operating expenses which resulted in a failure to meet the quarterly hurdle rate of 1.875% for the quarters ended August 31, 2009 and November 30, 2009 resulting in no incentive management fees for these quarters. In connection with the consummation of the stock purchase transaction with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates described elsewhere in this Annual Report, the outstanding incentive fees owed to our former external investment adviser were waived. See "Overview—Expense" above for more information.

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, manager expense waiver and reimbursement increased $2.2 million, or 331.5% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010. The increase is primarily attributable to the reversal of previously accrued and recorded deferred incentive management fees related to net investment income as a result of the agreement with our former investment adviser. For the year ended February 28, 2010, manager expense waiver and reimbursement decreased $0.3 million, or 33.6% compared to the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009. The decrease is primarily attributable to lower total compensation expense incurred by our former administrator relating to the allocation of those persons providing administrative support and services to the Company.

        For the fiscal year ended February 28, 2011, the Company had $32.0 million of sales, repayments, exits or restructurings resulting in $24.7 million of net realized losses. The most significant realized gains and losses during the year ended February 28, 2011 were as follows:


Fiscal year ended February 28, 2011

Issuer
  Asset Type   Gross
Proceeds
  Cost   Net
Realized
Gain/(Loss)
 

Custom Direct, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan   $ 1,832   $ (1,535 ) $ 297  

Legacy Cabinets, Inc. 

  Second Lien Term Loan     139     (2,002 )   (1,863 )

Legacy Cabinets, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan     502     (1,496 )   (994 )

Jason Incorporated

  Unsecured Notes     2,354     (13,700 )   (11,346 )

Bankruptcy Management Solutions, Inc. 

  Second Lien Term Loan     2,406     (4,793 )   (2,387 )

McMillin Companies LLC

  Senior Secured Notes     2,750     (6,342 )   (3,592 )

Network Communications, Inc. 

  Unsecured Notes     1,285     (5,054 )   (3,769 )

        For the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010, the Company had $15.2 million of sales, repayments, exits or restructurings resulting in $6.7 million of net realized losses. Net realized losses were comprised

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of $1.1 million of gross realized gains and $7.8 million of gross realized losses. The most significant realized gains and losses during the year ended February 28, 2010 were as follows:


Fiscal year ended February 28, 2010

Issuer
  Asset Type   Gross
Proceeds
  Cost   Net
Realized
Gain/(Loss)
 

Atlantis Plastics Films, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan   $ 521   $   $ 482  

Asurion Corporation

  First Lien Term Loan     1,930     (1,725 )   205  

Edgen Murray II, L.P. 

  Second Lien Term Loan     3,000     (2,832 )   168  

USS Mergerco, Inc. 

  Second Lien Term Loan     3,159     (5,847 )   (2,688 )

Targus Group International, Inc. 

  Second Lien Term Loan     2,121     (4,793 )   (2,672 )

Blaze Recycling & Metals, LLC

  Senior Secured Notes     1,538     (2,495 )   (957 )

        For the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009, the Company had $49.2 million of sales, repayments or exits resulting in $7.2 million of net realized losses. Net realized losses were comprised of $0.6 million of gross realized gains and $7.8 million of gross realized losses. The most significant realized gains and losses during the year ended February 28, 2009 were as follows:


Fiscal year ended February 28, 2009

Issuer
  Asset Type   Gross
Proceeds
  Cost   Net
Realized
Gain/(Loss)
 
 
   
  ($ in thousands)
 

Key Safety Systems

  First Lien Term Loan   $ 2,063   $ 1,857   $ 206  

SILLC Holdings, LLC

  Second Lien Term Loan     23,049     22,878     171  

EuroFresh, Inc. 

  Unsecured Notes     2,880     6,900     (4,020 )

Atlantis Plastics Films, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan     3,073     6,053     (2,980 )

Claire's Stores, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan     2,103     2,584     (481 )

Jason Incorporated

  Unsecured Notes     1,581     1,700     (119 )

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, our investments had a increase in net unrealized appreciation of $36.4 million versus an increase in net unrealized depreciation of $9.5 million for the

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year ended February 28, 2010. The most significant cumulative changes in unrealized appreciation and depreciation for the year ended February 28, 2011, were the following:


Fiscal year ended February 28, 2011

Issuer
  Asset Type   Cost   Fair
Value
  Total
Unrealized
Appreciation/
(Depreciation)
  YTD
Change in
Unrealized
Appreciation/
(Depreciation)
 
 
   
  ($ in thousands)
 

GSCIC CLO

  Other/ Structured                          

  Finance Securities   $ 27,364   $ 22,732   $ (4,632 ) $ 7,902  

Targus Holdings, Inc. 

  Common Stock     567     2,882     2,315     2,644  

Targus Holdings, Inc. 

  Unsecured Notes     1,538     986     (552 )   (544 )

M/C Acquisition Corp., LLC

  First Lien Term Loan     871     259     (612 )   (398 )

Dekko Technologies, LLC

  Second Lien Term Loan     7,199     6,767     (432 )   1,629  

USS Parent Holding Corp. 

  Voting Common Stock     3,026     2,828     (198 )   855  

Bankruptcy Management Solutions, Inc. 

  Second Lien Term Loan     2,450     110     (2,340 )   (2,340 )

PRACS Institute, LTD

  Second Lien Term Loan     4,070     3,014     (1,056 )   (566 )

Elyria Foundry Company, LLC

  Senior Secured Notes     5,017     4,231     (786 )   312  

Grant U.S. Holdings LLP

  Second Lien Term Loan     6,347         (6,347 )   (159 )

        The $7.9 million net unrealized appreciation in our investment in the GSCIC CLO subordinated notes was due to a decrease in the assumed portfolio default rate (based on better than forecast actual default rates), a decrease in the assumed recovery rate, and a decrease of "CCC" rated investments and defaulted securities in the portfolio. The decrease in unrealized depreciation in our investments in McMillin Companies, LLC and Elyria Foundry Company, LLC, were due to improved visibility of the outlook for these companies. The increase in unrealized depreciation in our investments in Jason Incorporated and Energy Alloy were due to declining prospects for each of the companies. The change in the fair values of our investments in Grant U.S. Holdings and Penton Media, Inc. were primarily due to fluctuations in the market quotations obtained for these investments compared to the prior period.

        For the year ended February 28, 2010, the Company had net unrealized losses of $9.5 million, which was comprised of $7.4 million in unrealized appreciation, $25.5 million in unrealized depreciation and $8.6 million related to the reversal of prior period net unrealized depreciation recorded upon the exit of an investment. The most significant changes in net unrealized appreciation and depreciation for the year ended February 28, 2010 are as follows:


Fiscal year ended February 28, 2010

Issuer
  Asset Type   Cost   Fair
Value
  Total
Unrealized
Depreciation
  YTD
Change in
Unrealized
Appreciation/
(Depreciation)
 
 
   
  ($ in thousands)
 

Terphane Holdings Corp. 

  Senior Secured Notes   $ 10,437   $ 9,791   $ (646 ) $ 2,091  

Penton Media, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan     3,908     3,478     (430 )   1,286  

IDI Acquisition Corp. 

  Senior Secured Notes     3,679     3,621     (58 )   1,136  

Jason Incorporated

  Unsecured Notes     13,700     1,688     (12,012 )   (8,190 )

GSCIC CLO

  Other/Structured                          

  Finance Securities     29,233     16,698     (12,535 )   (4,970 )

Energy Alloys, LLC

  Second Lien Term Loan     6,239     1,129     (5,110 )   (4,197 )

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        For the year ended February 28, 2009, the Company had net unrealized losses of $28.0 million, which was comprised of $0.1 million in unrealized appreciation, $36.1 million in unrealized depreciation and $8.0 million related to the reversal of prior period net unrealized depreciation recorded upon the exit of an investment. The most significant changes in net unrealized appreciation and depreciation for the year ended February 28, 2009 are as follows:


Fiscal year ended February 28, 2009

Issuer
  Asset Type   Cost   Fair
Value
  Total
Unrealized Depreciation
  YTD
Change in
Unrealized
Depreciation
 
 
   
  ($ in thousands)
 

GSCIC CLO

  Other/Structured                          

  Finance Securities   $ 29,905   $ 22,341   $ (7,564 ) $ (6,480 )

Jason Incorporated

  Unsecured Notes     13,700     9,878     (3,822 )   (3,453 )

Grant U.S. Holdings LLP

  Second Lien Term Loan     6,140     2,388     (3,752 )   (2,553 )

McMillin Companies, LLC

  Unsecured Notes     7,295     3,490     (3,805 )   (2,522 )

Penton Media, Inc. 

  First Lien Term Loan     3,724     2,008     (1,716 )   (1,906 )

Network Communications

  Unsecured Notes     5,082     2,503     (2,579 )   (1,884 )

Terphane Holdings Corp. 

  Senior Secured Notes     10,431     7,694     (2,737 )   (1,863 )

        The $6.5 million net unrealized depreciation in our investment in the GSCIC CLO subordinated notes was due to an increase in the assumed portfolio default rate and present value discount rate in our discounted cash flow model. These changes were made to reflect the current market environment for CLO equity investments and not as a result of any change in the underlying GSCIC CLO portfolio.

        For the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009, the Company recorded a net realized gain on derivatives of $30,454 relating to our investment in the GSCIC CLO warehouse facility.

        For the year ended February 28, 2011, changes in the value of the interest rate caps purchased pursuant to the credit facilities resulted in unrealized depreciation of $25,882 versus an unrealized appreciation of $2,634 for the year ended February 28, 2010.

        For the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010, changes in the value of the interest rate caps purchased pursuant to the credit facilities resulted in an unrealized appreciation of $2,634 versus an unrealized depreciation of $37,221 for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009. For a more detailed discussion of the interest rate caps, see "Note 8. Interest Rate Cap Agreements" to our audited financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report.

        For the fiscal years ended February 28, 2011 we recorded a net increase in net assets resulting from operations of $17.0 million, versus a net decrease in 2010 and 2009 of $10.5 million and $21.3 million, respectively. Based on 2,437,577 weighted average common shares outstanding as of February 28, 2011, our per share net increase in net assets resulting from operations was $6.96 for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2011. This compares to a per share decrease in net assets resulting from operations of $9.86 for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2010 (based on 1,061,351 weighted average common shares outstanding as of February 28, 2010) and a per share decrease in net assets resulting from operations of $25.71 for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009 (based on 829,138 weighted average common shares outstanding for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2009).

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Financial condition, liquidity and capital resources

        On April 11, 2007, we entered into a $100.0 million revolving securitized credit facility (the "Revolving Facility"). On May 1, 2007, we entered into a $25.7 million term securitized credit facility (the "Term Facility" and, together with the Revolving Facility, the "Facilities"), which was fully drawn at closing. In December 2007, we consolidated the Facilities by using a draw under the Revolving Facility to repay the Term Facility. In response to the market wide decline in financial asset prices, which negatively affected the value of our portfolio, we terminated the revolving period of the Revolving Facility effective January 14, 2009 and commenced a two-year amortization period during which all principal proceeds from the collateral was used to repay outstanding borrowings. In March 2009, we amended the Revolving Facility to decrease the minimum required collateralization and increase the portion of the portfolio that can be invested in "CCC" rated investments in return for an increased interest rate and expedited amortization.

        On July 30, 2009, an event of default under the Revolving Facility occurred. As a result of this event of default, the lender under the Revolving Facility had the right to accelerate repayment of the outstanding indebtedness and to foreclose and liquidate the collateral pledged thereunder. Due to the event of default, the interest rate on the Revolving Facility increased from the commercial paper rate plus 4.00% to an interest rate at February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2010 of 9.25%.

        At May 31, 2010 and February 28, 2010, we had $33.8 million and $37.0 million, respectively, in borrowings under the Revolving Facility versus $59.9 million in borrowings at February 28, 2009.

        On July 30, 2010, we used the net proceeds from the stock purchase transaction with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates and a portion of the funds available to us under the senior secured revolving credit facility with Madison Capital Funding to pay the full amount of principal and accrued interest, including default interest, outstanding under the Revolving Facility. Below is a summary of the terms of the $40 million senior secured revolving credit facility we have with Madison Capital Funding (the "Replacement Facility").

        Availability.    The Company can draw up to the lesser of (i) $40 million (the "Facility Amount") and (ii) the product of the applicable advance rate (which varies from 50% to 75% depending on the type of loan asset) and the value, determined in accordance with the Replacement Facility (the "Adjusted Borrowing Value"), of certain "eligible" loan assets pledged as security for the loan (the "Borrowing Base"), in each case less (a) the amount of any undrawn funding commitments the Company has under any loan asset and which are not covered by amounts in the Unfunded Exposure Account referred to below (the "Unfunded Exposure Amount") and (b) outstanding borrowings. Each loan asset held by the Company as of the date on which the Replacement Facility is closed will be valued as of that date and each loan asset that the Company acquires after such date will be valued at the lowest of its fair value, its face value (excluding accrued interest) and the purchase price paid for such loan asset. Adjustments to the value of a loan asset will be made to reflect, among other things, changes in its fair value, a default by the obligor on the loan asset, insolvency of the obligor, acceleration of the loan asset, and certain modifications to the terms of the loan asset.

        The Replacement Facility contains limitations on the type of loan assets that are "eligible" to be included in the Borrowing Base and as to the concentration level of certain categories of loan assets in the Borrowing Base such as restrictions on geographic and industry concentrations, asset size and quality, payment frequency, status and terms, average life, and collateral interests. In addition, if an asset is to remain an "eligible" loan asset, the Company may not make changes to the payment, amortization, collateral and certain other terms of the loan assets without the consent of the administrative agent that will either result in subordination of the loan asset or be materially adverse to the lenders.

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        At any time prior to the second anniversary of the closing of the Replacement Facility and subject to certain conditions, the Company may request an increase in the Facility Amount of up to $60 million for a combined aggregate Facility Amount of $100 million.

        Collateral.    The Replacement Facility is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and includes the subordinated notes ("CLO Notes") issued by GSCIC CLO and the Company's rights under the CLO Management Agreement (as defined below).

        Interest Rate and Fees.    Under the Replacement Facility, funds are borrowed from or through certain lenders at the greater of the prevailing LIBOR rate and 2.00%, plus an applicable margin of 5.50%. At the Company's option, funds may be borrowed based on an alternative base rate, which in no event will be less than 3.00%, and the applicable margin over such alternative base rate is 4.50%. In addition, the Company will pay the lenders a commitment fee of 0.75% per year on the unused amount of the Replacement Facility for the duration of the Revolving Period (defined below). Accrued interest and commitment fees are payable monthly. The Company is also obligated to pay certain other fees to the lenders in connection with the closing of the Replacement Facility.

        Revolving Period and Maturity Date.    The Company may make and repay borrowings under the Replacement Facility for a period of three years following the closing of the Replacement Facility (the "Revolving Period"). The Revolving Period may be terminated at an earlier time by the Company or, upon the occurrence of an event of default, by action of the lenders or automatically. All borrowings and other amounts payable under the Replacement Facility are due and payable in full five years after the end of the Revolving Period.

        Collateral Tests.    It is a condition precedent to any borrowing under the Replacement Facility that the principal amount outstanding under the Replacement Facility, after giving effect to the proposed borrowings, not exceed the lesser of the Borrowing Base or the Facility Amount (the "Borrowing Base Test"). In addition to satisfying the Borrowing Base Test, the following tests must also be satisfied (together with Borrowing Base Test, the "Collateral Tests"):

        The Replacement Facility also requires payment of outstanding borrowings or replacement of pledged loan assets upon the Company's breach of its representation and warranty that pledged loan assets included in the Borrowing Base are "eligible" loan assets. Such payments or replacements must equal the lower of the amount by which the Borrowing Base is overstated as a result of such breach or any deficiency under the Collateral Tests at the time of repayment or replacement. Compliance with the Collateral Tests is also a condition to the discretionary sale of pledged loan assets by the Company.

        Priority of Payments.    During the Revolving Period, the priority of payments provisions of the Replacement Facility require, after payment of specified fees and expenses and any necessary funding

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of the Unfunded Exposure Account, that collections of principal from the loan assets and, to the extent that these are insufficient, collections of interest from the loan assets, be applied on each payment date to payment of outstanding borrowings if the Borrowing Base Test, the Overcollateralization Ratio and the Interest Coverage Ratio would not otherwise be met. Similarly, following termination of the Revolving Period, collections of interest are required to be applied, after payment of certain fees and expenses, to cure any deficiencies in the Borrowing Base Test, the Interest Coverage Ratio and the Overcollateralization Ratio as of the relevant payment date.

        Reserve Account.    The Replacement Facility requires the Company to set aside an amount equal to the sum of accrued interest, commitment fees and administrative agent fees due and payable on the next succeeding three payment dates (or corresponding to three payment periods). If for any monthly period during which fees and other payments accrue, the aggregate Adjusted Borrowing Value of "eligible" pledged loan assets which do not pay cash interest at least quarterly exceeds 15% of the aggregate Adjusted Borrowing Value of "eligible" pledged loan assets, the Company is required to set aside such interest and fees due and payable on the next succeeding six payment dates. Amounts in the reserve account can be applied solely to the payment of administrative agent fees, commitment fees, accrued and unpaid interest and any breakage costs payable to the lenders.

        Unfunded Exposure Account.    With respect to revolver or delayed draw loan assets, the Company is required to set aside in a designated account (the "Unfunded Exposure Account") 100% of its outstanding and undrawn funding commitments with respect to such loan assets. The Unfunded Exposure Account is funded at the time the Company acquires a revolver or delayed draw loan asset and requests a related borrowing under the Replacement Facility. The Unfunded Exposure Account is funded through a combination of proceeds of the requested borrowing and other Company funds, and if for any reason such amounts are insufficient, through application of the priority of payment provisions described above.

        Operating Expenses.    The priority of payments provision of the Replacement Facility provides for the payment of certain operating expenses of the Company out of collections on principal and interest during the Revolving Period and out of collections on interest following the termination of the Revolving Period in accordance with the priority established in such provision. The operating expenses payable pursuant to the priority of payment provisions is limited to $350,000 for each monthly payment date or $2.5 million for the immediately preceding period of twelve consecutive monthly payment dates. This ceiling can be increased by the lesser of 5% or the percentage increase in the fair market value of all the Company's assets only on the first monthly payment date to occur after each one-year anniversary following the closing of the Replacement Facility. Upon the occurrence of a Manager Event (described below), the consent of the administrative agent is required in order to pay operating expenses through the priority of payments provision.

        Events of Default.    The Replacement Facility contains certain negative covenants, customary representations and warranties and affirmative covenants and events of default. The Replacement Facility does not contain grace periods for breach by the Company of certain covenants, including, without limitation, preservation of existence, negative pledge, change of name or jurisdiction and separate legal entity status of the Company covenants and certain other customary covenants. Other events of default under the Replacement Facility include, among other things, the following:

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        Conditions to Acquisitions and Pledges of Loan Assets.    The Replacement Facility imposes certain additional conditions to the acquisition and pledge of additional loan assets. Among other things, the Company may not acquire additional loan assets without the prior written consent of the administrative agent until such time that the administrative agent indicates in writing its satisfaction with Saratoga Investment Advisors' policies, personnel and processes relating to the loan assets.

        Fees and Expenses.    The Company paid certain fees and reimbursed Madison Capital Funding for the aggregate amount of all documented, out-of-pocket costs and expenses, including the reasonable fees and expenses of lawyers, incurred by Madison Capital Funding in connection with the Replacement Facility and the carrying out of any and all acts contemplated thereunder up to and as of the date of closing of the stock purchase transaction with Saratoga Investment Advisors and certain of its affiliates. These amounts totaled $2.0 million.

        As of February 28, 2011, we had $4.5 million outstanding under the Replacement Facility.

        Our asset coverage ratio, as defined in the 1940 Act, was 2,013% and 250% for the years ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

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        At February 28, 2011 and 2010, the fair value of investments, cash and cash equivalents and cash and cash equivalents, securitization accounts were as follows:

 
  At February 28,
2011
  At February 28,
2010
 
 
  Fair Value   Percent of Total   Fair Value   Percent of Total  
 
  ($ in thousands)
 

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 10,736     11.3 % $ 3,352     3.6 %

Cash and cash equivalents, securitization accounts

    4,370     4.6     226     0.2  

First lien term loans

    18,475     19.4     16,653     17.9  

Second lien term loans

    20,276     21.3     20,267     21.8  

Senior secured notes

    9,892     10.4     27,742     29.9  

Unsecured notes

    1,915     2.0     5,690     6.1  

Structured finance securities

    22,732     23.9     16,698     18.0  

Common stock

    6,735     7.1     2,323     2.5  

                   
                   
 

Total

  $ 95,131     100.0 % $ 92,951     100.0 %
                   

        On November 12, 2010, our board of directors declared a dividend of $4.40 per share to shareholders payable in cash or shares of our common stock, in accordance with the provisions of the IRS Revenue Procedure 2010-12, which allows a publicly-traded regulated investment company to satisfy its distribution requirements with a distribution paid partly in common stock provided that at least 10% of the distribution is payable in cash. The dividend was paid on December 29, 2010 to common shareholders of record on November 19, 2010.

        Based on shareholder elections, the dividend consisted of $1.2 million in cash and 596,235 shares of common stock, or 22% of our outstanding common stock prior to the dividend payment. The amount of cash elected to be received was greater than the cash limit of 10.0% of the aggregate dividend amount, thus resulting in the payment of a combination of cash and stock to shareholders who elected to receive cash. The number of shares of common stock comprising the stock portion was calculated based on a price of $17.8049 per share, which equaled the volume weighted average trading price per share of the common stock on December 20, 21 and 22, 2010.

        On November 13, 2009, our board of directors declared a dividend of $18.25 per share payable on December 31, 2009, to common stockholders of record on November 25, 2009. Shareholders had the option to receive payment of the dividend in cash, shares of common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of common stock, provided that the aggregate cash payable to all shareholders was limited to $2.1 million or $0.25 per share.

        Based on shareholder elections, the dividend consisted of $2.1 million in cash and 8,648,725 shares of common stock, or 104% of our outstanding common stock prior to the dividend payment. The amount of cash elected to be received was greater than the cash limit of 13.7% of the aggregate dividend amount, thus resulting in the payment of a combination of cash and stock to shareholders who elected to receive cash. The number of shares of common stock comprising the stock portion was calculated based on a price of $1.5099 per share, which equaled the volume weighted average trading price per share of the common stock on December 24 and 28, 2009.

        Given the size of our asset base and our growing pipeline of attractive investments, our board of directors believes that using our capital resources to build and diversify our portfolio serves stockholders' interests best by better positioning us to generate current income and capital appreciation on an increasing scale in future periods. Therefore, our board of directors has determined not to pay any dividends at this time.

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        We intend to continue to generate cash primarily from cash flows from operations, including interest earned from the temporary investment of cash in U.S. government securities and other high-quality debt investments that mature in one year or less, future borrowings and future offerings of securities. Our primary use of funds is investments in our targeted asset classes and cash distributions to holders of our common stock.

        Although we expect to fund the growth of our investment portfolio through the net proceeds from future equity offerings, including our dividend reinvestment plan, and issuances of senior securities or future borrowings, to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, our plans to raise capital may not be successful. In this regard, because our common stock has at times traded at a price below our then-current net asset value per share and we are limited in our ability to sell our common stock at a price below net asset value per share, we may be limited in our ability to raise equity capital.

        In addition, we intend to distribute between 90% and 100% of our taxable income to our stockholders in order to satisfy the requirements applicable to RICs under Subchapter M of the Code. Consequently, we may not have the funds or the ability to fund new investments, to make additional investments in our portfolio companies, to fund our unfunded commitments to portfolio companies or to repay borrowings. In addition, the illiquidity of our portfolio investments may make it difficult for us to sell these investments when desired and, if we are required to sell these investments, we may realize significantly less than their recorded value.

        Also, as a BDC, we generally are required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets, less liabilities and indebtedness not represented by senior securities, to total senior securities, which include all of our borrowings and any outstanding preferred stock, of at least 200%. This requirement limits the amount that we may borrow. To fund growth in our investment portfolio in the future, we anticipate needing to raise additional capital from various sources, including the equity markets and other debt-related markets, which may or may not be available on favorable terms, if at all.

        The following table shows our payment obligations for repayment of debt and other contractual obligations at February 28, 2011:

 
   
  Payment Due by Period  
 
  Total   Less Than
1 Year
  1-3
Years
  3-5
Years
  More Than
5 Years
 
 
  ($ in thousands)
   
   
   
   
 

Long-Term Debt Obligations

  $ 4,500   $   $   $ 4,500   $  
                       

Off-balance sheet arrangements

        At February 28, 2011 and 2010, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.

Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

        Our business activities contain elements of market risk. We consider our principal market risks to be fluctuations in interest rates. Managing this risk is essential to our business. Accordingly, we have systems and procedures designed to identify and analyze our risks, to establish appropriate policies and thresholds and to continually monitor this risk and thresholds by means of administrative and information technology systems and other policies and processes.

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        Interest rate risk is defined as the sensitivity of our current and future earnings to interest rate volatility, including relative changes in different interest rates, variability of spread relationships, the difference in re-pricing intervals between our assets and liabilities and the effect that interest rates may have on our cash flows. Changes in the general level of interest rates can affect our net interest income, which is the difference between the interest income earned on interest earning assets and our interest expense incurred in connection with our interest bearing debt and liabilities. Changes in interest rates can also affect, among other things, our ability to acquire leveraged loans, high yield bonds and other debt investments and the value of our investment portfolio.

        Our investment income is affected by fluctuations in various interest rates, including LIBOR and the prime rate. A large portion of our portfolio is, and we expect will continue to be, comprised of floating rate investments that utilize LIBOR. Our interest expense is affected by fluctuations in LIBOR. At February 28, 2011, we had $4.5 million of borrowings outstanding.

        In April and May 2007, the Company entered into two interest rate cap agreements with notional amounts of $34.0 million (increased to $40.0 million in May 2007) and $60.9 million. These agreements provide for a payment to the Company in the event LIBOR exceeds 8%, mitigating our exposure to increases in LIBOR. At February 28, 2011, the aggregate interest rate cap agreement notional amount was $53.4 million.

        We have analyzed the potential impact of changes in interest rates on interest income from investments net of interest expense on the Replacement Facility. Assuming that our investments as of February 28, 2011 were to remain constant for a full fiscal year and no actions were taken to alter the existing interest rate terms, a hypothetical change of 1% in interest rates would cause a corresponding increase of approximately $0.6 million to our interest income net of interest expense.

        Although management believes that this measure is indicative of our sensitivity to interest rate changes, it does not adjust for potential changes in credit quality, size and composition of the assets on the statement of assets and liabilities and other business developments that could magnify or diminish our sensitivity to interest rate changes, nor does it account for divergences in LIBOR and the commercial paper rate, which have historically moved in tandem but, in times of unusual credit dislocations, have experienced periods of divergence. Accordingly no assurances can be given that actual results would not materially differ from the potential outcome simulated by this estimate.

ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

        Our financial statements are annexed to this Annual Report beginning on page F-1.

ITEM 9.    CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

        None

ITEM 9A.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

        Our CEO and our CFO have evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our CEO and CFO have concluded that our current disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

68


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        The Company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined by Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act) and for the assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. The Company's internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the consolidated financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements and even when determined to be effective, can only provide reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the CEO and CFO, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria established in the Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on the Company's assessment, management believes that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 28, 2011.

        There have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of Exchange Act) that occurred during our most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 9B.    OTHER INFORMATION

        None.


PART III

ITEM 10.    DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

        The information required by this item will be contained in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Stockholder Meeting and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 11.    EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

        The information required by this item will be contained in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Stockholder Meeting and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 12.    SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

        The information required by this item will be contained in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Stockholder Meeting and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 13.    CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

        The information required by this item will be contained in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Stockholder Meeting and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14.    PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

        The information required by this item will be contained in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Stockholder Meeting and is incorporated herein by reference.

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PART IV

ITEM 15.    EXHIBITS AND CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

    The following documents are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Annual Report:

1.

 

Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

The following financial statements of the Company are filed herewith:

 

 

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of February 28, 2011 and 2010

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009

 

 

Consolidated Schedule of Investments as of February 28, 2011 and 2010

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

2.

 

Financial Statement Schedule

 

 

Not applicable.

 

 

Schedule 12-14—Investments in and advances to affiliates

3.

 

Exhibits required to be filed by Item 601 of Regulation S-K

        The following exhibits are filed as part of this report or hereby incorporated by reference to exhibits previously filed with the SEC:


EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit
Number
  Description
  3.1(a)   Articles of Incorporation of Saratoga Investment Corp. (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended May 31, 2007, File No. 001-33376).

  3.1(b)

 

Articles of Amendment of Saratoga Investment Corp. (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 3, 2010).

  3.1(c)

 

Articles of Amendment of Saratoga Investment Corp. (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 13, 2010).

  3.2

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws of Saratoga Investment Corp. (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 5, 2008).

  4.1

 

Specimen certificate of Saratoga Investment Corp.'s common stock, par value $0.001 per share. (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Registration Statement on Form N-2, File No. 333-169135, filed on September 1, 2010).

  4.2

 

Registration Rights Agreement dated July 30, 2010 between GSC Investment Corp., GSC CDO III L.L.C., and the investors party thereto (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2010).

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Exhibit
Number
  Description
10.1   Investment Advisory and Management Agreement dated July 30, 2010 between GSC Investment Corp. and Saratoga Investment Advisors, LLC (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2010).

10.2

 

Custodian Agreement dated March 21, 2007 between GSC Investment LLC and U.S. Bank National Association (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended May 31, 2007).

10.3

 

Administration Agreement dated July 30, 2010 between GSC Investment Corp. and Saratoga Investment Advisors, LLC (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2010).

10.4

 

Trademark License Agreement dated July 30, 2010 between Saratoga Investment Advisors, LLC and GSC Investment Corp. (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2010).

10.5

 

Credit, Security and Management Agreement dated July 30, 2010 by and among GSC Investment Funding LLC, Saratoga Investment Corp., Saratoga Investment Advisors, LLC, Madison Capital Funding LLC and U.S. Bank National Association (incorporated by reference to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2010).

10.6

 

Form of Indemnification Agreement between Saratoga Investment Corp. and each officer and director of Saratoga Investment Corp. (incorporated by reference to Amendment No. 2 to Saratoga Investment Corp.'s Registration Statement on Form N-2 filed on January 12, 2007).

21.1

 

List of Subsidiaries and jurisdiction of incorporation/organization: Saratoga Investment Funding LLC—Delaware.

31.1

 

Chief Executive Officer Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2

 

Chief Financial Officer Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14 of the Securities Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1

 

Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Certification pursuant to Section 1350, Chapter 63 of Title 18, United States Code, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

*
Filed herewith

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SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

    SARATOGA INVESTMENT CORP.

Date: May 23, 2011

 

By:

 

/s/ CHRISTIAN L. OBERBECK

Christian L. Oberbeck
Chief Executive Officer and President

 

 

By:

 

/s/ RICHARD A. PETROCELLI

Richard A. Petrocelli
Chief Financial Officer,
Chief Compliance Officer
and Secretary

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Signature
 
Title
 
Date

 

 

 

 

 
/s/ CHRISTIAN L. OBERBECK

Christian L. Oberbeck
  Chairman of the Board of Directors   May 23, 2011

/s/ RICHARD A. PETROCELLI

Richard A. Petrocelli

 

Member of the Board of Directors

 

May 23, 2011

/s/ STEVEN M. LOONEY

Steven M. Looney

 

Member of the Board of Directors

 

May 23, 2011

/s/ CHARLES S. WHITMAN III

Charles S. Whitman III

 

Member of the Board of Directors

 

May 23, 2011

/s/ G. CABELL WILLIAMS

G. Cabell Williams

 

Member of the Board of Directors

 

May 23, 2011

72


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INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

  F-1

Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of February 28, 2011 and 2010

  F-2

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009

  F-3

Consolidated Schedule of Investments as of February 28, 2011 and 2010

  F-4

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009

  F-9

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended February 28, 2011, 2010 and 2009

  F-10

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

  F-11

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

        The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Saratoga Investment Corp.

        We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of assets and liabilities of Saratoga Investment Corp (the "Company"), including the consolidated schedules of investments, as of February 28, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in net assets and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 28, 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

        We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our procedures included confirmation of securities owned as of February 28, 2011, by correspondence with the custodian and management or agents of the underlying investments. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

        In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Saratoga Investment Corp. at February 28, 2011 and 2010, and the consolidated results of its operations, changes in its net assets and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 28, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
New York, NY
May 23, 2011

F-1


Table of Contents


Saratoga Investment Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities

 
  As of  
 
  February 28, 2011   February 28, 2010  

ASSETS

             

Investments at fair value

             
 

Non-control/non-affiliate investments (amortized cost of $73,779,271 and $117,678,275, respectively)

  $ 57,292,723   $ 72,674,847  
 

Control investments (cost of $27,364,350 and $29,233,097, respectively)

    22,732,038     16,698,303  
           
 

Total investments at fair value (amortized cost of $101,143,621 and $146,911,372, respectively)

    80,024,761     89,373,150  

Cash and cash equivalents

    10,735,755     3,352,434  

Cash and cash equivalents, securitization accounts

    4,369,987     225,424  

Outstanding interest rate cap at fair value (cost of $131,000 and $131,000, respectively)

    16,265     42,147  

Interest receivable, (net of reserve of $14,796 and $2,120,309, respectively)

    1,666,083     3,473,961  

Deferred credit facility financing costs, net

    1,638,768      

Management fee receivable

    231,753     327,928  

Other assets

    85,166     140,272  
           
 

Total assets

  $ 98,768,538   $ 96,935,316  
           

LIABILITIES

             

Revolving credit facility

  $ 4,500,000   $ 36,992,222  

Payable for unsettled trades

    4,900,000      

Management and incentive fees payable

    2,203,806     3,071,093  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    785,486     1,111,081  

Interest and credit facility fees payable

    67,792     267,166  

Due to manager

    240,000     15,602  
           
 

Total liabilities

  $ 12,697,084   $ 41,457,164  
           

NET ASSETS

             

Common stock, par value $.001 and $.001 per share, respectively, 100,000,000 common shares authorized, 3,277,077 and 1,694,011* common shares issued and outstanding, respectively

  $ 3,277   $ 1,694  

Capital in excess of par value

    153,768,680     128,339,497  

Distribution in excess of net investment income

    (8,918,890 )   (2,846,135 )

Accumulated net realized loss from investments and derivatives

    (37,548,016 )   (12,389,830 )

Net unrealized depreciation on investments and derivatives

    (21,233,597 )   (57,627,074 )
           
 

Total Net Assets

    86,071,454     55,478,152  
           

Total liabilities and Net Assets

  $ 98,768,538   $ 96,935,316  
           

NET ASSET VALUE PER SHARE*

  $ 26.26   $ 32.75  
           

*
Net Asset Value per share and end of period shares outstanding for the year ended February 28, 2010 has been adjusted to reflect a one-for-ten reverse stock split in August 2010.

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F-2


Table of Contents


Saratoga Investment Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 
  For the year ended
February 28, 2011
  For the year ended
February 28, 2010
  For the year ended
February 28, 2009
 

INVESTMENT INCOME

                   

Interest from investments

                   
 

Non-control/Non-affiliate investments

  $ 8,745,939   $ 10,902,482   $ 16,572,973  
 

Control investments

    3,295,359     2,397,514     4,393,818  
               
   

Total interest income

    12,041,298     13,299,996     20,966,791  

Interest from cash and cash equivalents

    8,857     23,624     175,567  

Management fee income

    2,032,357     2,057,397     2,049,717  

Other income

    90,503     236,259     195,135  
               
 

Total investment income

    14,173,015     15,617,276     23,387,210  
               

EXPENSES

                   

Interest and credit facility financing expenses

    2,611,839     4,096,041     2,605,367  

Base management fees

    1,645,552     1,950,760     2,680,231  

Professional fees

    3,325,475     2,071,027     1,166,111  

Administrator expenses

    810,416     670,720     960,701  

Incentive management fees

    1,868,503     327,684     1,752,254  

Insurance

    704,800     869,969     682,154  

Directors fees and expenses

    373,385     294,932     295,017  

General & administrative

    478,730     265,575     289,477  
               
 

Expenses before expense waiver and reimbursement

    11,818,700     10,546,708     10,431,312  
               

Expense reimbursement

    (258,562 )   (670,720 )   (1,010,416 )

Waiver of deferred incentive management fees

    (2,636,146 )        
               
 

Total expenses net of expense waiver and reimbursement

    8,923,992     9,875,988     9,420,896  
               
 

NET INVESTMENT INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

    5,249,023     5,741,288     13,966,314  
 

Income tax expense, including excise tax

        (27,445 )   (140,322 )
 

NET INVESTMENT INCOME

    5,249,023     5,713,843     13,825,992  
               

REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS) ON INVESTMENTS:

                   

Net realized loss from investments

    (24,684,262 )   (6,653,983 )   (7,173,118 )

Net realized gain from derivatives

            30,454  

Net unrealized appreciation/(depreciation) on investments

    36,419,362     (9,525,054 )   (27,961,244 )

Net unrealized appreciation/(depreciation) on derivatives

    (25,882 )   2,634     (37,221 )
               
 

Net gain/(loss) on investments

    11,709,218     (16,176,403 )   (35,141,129 )
               

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS

  $ 16,958,241   $ (10,462,560 ) $ (21,315,137 )
               

WEIGHTED AVERAGE—BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE*

  $ 6.96   $ (9.86 ) $ (25.71 )

WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON STOCK OUTSTANDING—BASIC AND DILUTED*

   
2,437,577
   
1,061,351
   
829,138
 

*
Earnings per share and Weighted average shares outstanding for the years ended February 28, 2010 and February 28, 2009 have been adjusted to reflect a one-for-ten reverse stock split in August 2010.

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

F-3


Table of Contents

Saratoga Investment Corp.
Consolidated Schedule of Investments
February 28, 2011

Company(a)
  Industry   Investment Interest
Rate/Maturity
  Principal/
Number of Shares
  Cost   Fair Value(c)   % of
Net
Assets
 

Non-control/Non-affiliated investments—83.3%(b)

                                 

Legacy Cabinets Holdings(d, i)

 

Building Products

 

Common Stock Voting A-1

 
$

2,535
 
$

220,900
 
$

   
0.0

%

Legacy Cabinets Holdings(d, i)

 

Building Products

 

Common Stock Voting B-1

   
1,600
   
139,424
   
   
0.0

%

Legacy Cabinets, Inc.(d, i)

 

Building Products

 

First Lien Term Loan
7.25%, 5/3/2014

 
$

293,474
   
293,474
   
154,455
   
0.2

%
                             

     

    Total Building Products

         
653,798
   
154,455
   
0.2

%
                             

Hopkins Manufacturing Corporation(d)

 

Consumer Products

 

Second Lien Term Loan
7.54%, 1/26/2012

 
$

3,250,000
   
3,249,024
   
3,233,750
   
3.7

%

Targus Holdings, Inc.(d)

 

Consumer Products

 

First Lien Term Loan
8.75%, 11/22/2012

 
$

3,169,227
   
3,057,616
   
3,147,834
   
3.7

%

Targus Holdings, Inc.(d)

 

Consumer Products

 

Unsecured Notes
10.00%, 12/14/2015

 
$

1,538,235
   
1,538,235
   
985,547
   
1.1

%

Targus Holdings, Inc.(d, i)

 

Consumer Products

 

Common Stock

   
62,413
   
566,765
   
2,881,608
   
3.3

%
                             

     

    Total Consumer Products

         
8,411,640
   
10,248,739
   
11.8

%
                             

CFF Acquisition LLC(d)

 

Consumer Services

 

First Lien Term Loan
7.50%, 7/31/2013

 
$

285,876
   
285,876
   
244,424
   
0.3

%

M/C Acquisition Corp., LLC(d)

 

Education

 

First Lien Term Loan
1.00%, 12/31/2012

 
$

870,791
   
870,791
   
258,625
   
0.3

%

M/C Acquisition Corp., LLC(d, i)

 

Education

 

Class A Common Stock

   
166,327
   
30,241
   
   
0.0

%
                             

     

    Total Education

         
901,032
   
258,625
   
0.3

%
                             

Advanced Lighting Technologies, Inc.(d)

 

Electronics

 

Second Lien Term Loan
6.29%, 6/1/2014

 
$

2,000,000
   
1,858,442
   
1,867,092
   
2.2

%

Dekko Technologies, LLC(d)

 

Electronics

 

Second Lien Term Loan
10.50%, 1/20/2012

 
$

7,198,935
   
7,198,935
   
6,766,999
   
7.9

%
                             

     

    Total Electronics

         
9,057,377
   
8,634,091
   
10.1

%
                             

USS Parent Holding Corp.(d, i)

 

Environmental

 

Non Voting Common Stock

   
765
   
133,002
   
124,311
   
0.1

%

USS Parent Holding Corp.(d, i)

 

Environmental

 

Voting Common Stock

   
17,396
   
3,025,798
   
2,828,080
   
3.3

%
                             

     

    Total Environmental

         
3,158,800
   
2,952,391
   
3.4

%
                             

Bankruptcy Management Solutions, Inc.(d)

 

Financial Services

 

Second Lien Term Loan
1.25%, 8/20/2015

 
$

2,450,499
   
2,450,499
   
110,272
   
0.1

%

Bankruptcy Management Solutions, Inc.(d, i)

 

Financial Services

 

Common Stock

 
$

27,197
   
   
   
0.0

%

Bankruptcy Management Solutions, Inc.(d, i)

 

Financial Services

 

Warrants

 
$

2,510
   
   
   
0.0

%

DCS Business Services, Inc. 

 

Financial Services

 

First Lien Term Loan
13.75%, 9/30/2012

 
$

1,600,000
   
1,612,135
   
1,600,000
   
1.9

%
                             

     

    Total Financial Services

         
4,062,634
   
1,710,272
   
2.0

%
                             

Big Train, Inc.(d)

 

Food and Beverage

 

First Lien Term Loan
7.75%, 3/31/2012

 
$

1,687,008
   
1,403,224
   
1,545,637
   
1.8

%

PRACS Institute, LTD(d)

 

Healthcare Services

 

Second Lien Term Loan
10.00%, 4/17/2013

 
$

4,093,750
   
4,069,847
   
3,014,420
   
3.5

%

Maverick Healthcare Group(d)

 

Healthcare Services

 

First Lien Term Loan
10.75%, 12/31/2016

 
$

5,000,000
   
4,900,000
   
5,000,000
   
5.8

%
                             

     

    Total Healthcare Services

         
8,969,847
   
8,014,420
   
9.3

%
                             

F-4


Table of Contents

Company(a)
  Industry   Investment Interest
Rate/Maturity
  Principal/
Number of Shares
  Cost   Fair Value(c)   % of
Net
Assets
 

McMillin Companies LLC(d)

 

Homebuilding

 

Senior Secured Notes
9.53%, 10/31/2013

  $ 1,100,000     1,067,024     816,200     0.9 %

Worldwide Express Operations, LLC(d)

 

Logistics

 

First Lien Term Loan
7.50%, 6/30/2013

 
$

2,865,629
   
2,862,910
   
2,498,828
   
2.9

%

Jason Incorporated(d, i)

 

Manufacturing

 

Senior Secured Notes
10.25%, 12/21/2015

 
$

2,414,272
   
2,414,272
   
2,391,318
   
2.8

%

Specialized Technology Resources, Inc.(d)

 

Manufacturing

 

Second Lien Term Loan
7.26%, 12/15/2014

 
$

5,000,000
   
4,833,437
   
4,966,500
   
5.8

%
                             

     

    Total Manufacturing

         
7,247,709
   
7,357,818
   
8.6

%
                             

Elyria Foundry Company, LLC(d)

 

Metals

 

Senior Secured Notes
17.00%, 3/1/2013

 
$

5,100,000
   
5,017,225
   
4,231,222
   
4.9

%

Elyria Foundry Company, LLC(d, i)

 

Metals

 

Warrants to Purchase Limited Liability Company Interests

   
3,000
   
   
   
0.0

%
                             

     

    Total Metals

         
5,017,225
   
4,231,222
   
4.9

%
                             

Grant U.S. Holdings LLP(d, e, i)

 

Natural Resources

 

Second Lien Term Loan
0.00%, 9/20/2013

 
$

6,349,512
   
6,349,348
   
   
0.0

%

Energy Alloys, LLC(d, i)

 

Oil and Gas

 

Second Lien Term Loan
3.00%, 6/30/2015

 
$

6,429,092
   
6,429,092
   
316,954
   
0.4

%

Energy Alloys, LLC(d, i)

 

Oil and Gas

 

Warrants to Purchase Limited Liability Company Interests

   
3
   
   
   
0.0

%
                             

     

    Total Oil and Gas

         
6,429,092
   
316,954
   
0.4

%
                             

Terphane Holdings Corp.(d, e, i)

 

Packaging

 

Senior Secured Notes
14.00%, 6/15/2015

 
$

2,500,000
   
2,500,000
   
2,453,250
   
2.9

%

Network Communications, Inc.(d, i)

 

Publishing

 

Unsecured Notes
8.60%, 1/14/2020

 
$

1,285,714
   
1,285,714
   
929,314
   
1.1

%

Network Communications, Inc.(d, i)

 

Publishing

 

Common Stock

 
$

211,429
   
   
900,688
   
1.0

%

Penton Media, Inc.(d)

 

Publishing

 

First Lien Term Loan
5.00%, 8/1/2014

 
$

4,839,376
   
4,116,021
   
4,025,393
   
4.7

%
                             

     

    Total Publishing

         
5,401,735
   
5,855,395
   
6.8

%
                             

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
                             

Sub Total Non-control/Non-affiliated investments

                 
73,779,271
   
57,292,721
   
66.6

%
                             

Control investments—28.2%(b)

                                 

GSC Partners CDO GP III, LP(h, i)

 

Financial Services

 

100% General
Partnership Interest

   
   
   
   
0.0

%

GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD.(d, f, h)

 

Structured Finance Securities

 

Other/Structured
Finance Securities
11.99%, 1/21/2020

 
$

30,000,000
   
27,364,350
   
22,732,038
   
26.4

%
                             

Sub Total Control investments

                 
27,364,350
   
22,732,038
   
26.4

%
                             

Affiliate investments—0.0%(b)

                                 

GSC Partners CDO GP III, LP(g, i)

 

Financial Services

 

6.24% Limited
Partnership Interest

   
   
   
   
0.0

%
                             

Sub Total Affiliate investments

                 
   
   
0.0

%
                             

TOTAL INVESTMENTS—111.5%(b)

               
$

101,143,621
 
$

80,024,759
   
93.0

%
                             

 

Outstanding interest rate cap
  Interest rate   Maturity   Notional   Cost   Fair Value   % of
Net Assets
 

Interest rate cap

    8.0 %   2/9/2014   $ 29,387,755   $ 87,000   $ 11,893     0.0 %

Interest rate cap

    8.0 %   11/30/2013     23,966,000     44,000     4,372     0.0 %
                                 

Total Outstanding interest rate cap

                    $ 131,000   $ 16,265     0.0 %
                                 

*
Amounts to less than 0.05%

F-5


Table of Contents

(a)
All of our equity and debt investments are issued by eligible portfolio companies, as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, except Grant U.S. Holdings LLP, GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 Ltd., Terphane Holdings Corp., and GSC Partners CDO GP III, LP.

(b)
Percentages are based on net assets of as of $86,071,454 February 28, 2011.

(c)
Fair valued investment (see Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements).

(d)
These securities are pledged as collateral under a revolving securitized credit facility (see Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements).

(e)
Non-U.S. company. The principal place of business for Terphane Holdings Corp is Brazil, and for Grant U.S. Holdings LLP is Canada.

(f)
11.99% represents the modeled effective interest rate that is expected to be earned over the life of the investment.

(g)
As defined in the Investment Company Act, we are an "Affiliate" of this portfolio company because we own 5% or more of the portfolio company's outstanding voting securities. Transactions during the period in which the issuer was an Affiliate are as follows:

Company
  Purchases   Redemptions   Sales (cost)   Interest
Income
  Management
fee income
  Net Realized
gains/(losses)
  Net Unrealized
gains/(losses)
 

GSC Partners CDO GP III, LP

  $   $   $   $   $   $   $  
(h)
As defined in the Investment Company Act, we "Control" this portfolio company because we own more than 25% of the portfolio company's outstanding voting securities. Transactions during the period in which the issuer was both an Affiliate and a portfolio company that we Control are as follows:

Company
  Purchases   Redemptions   Sales (cost)   Interest
Income
  Management
fee income
  Net Realized
gains/(losses)
  Net Unrealized
gains/(losses)
 

GSC Investment Corp. CLO 2007 LTD. 

  $   $   $   $ 3,295,359   $ 2,032,357   $   $ 7,902,482  

GSC Partners CDO GP III, LP

  $   $   $   $   $   $   $  
(i)
Non-income producing at February, 2011.


Saratoga Investment Corp.
Consolidated Schedule of Investments
February 28, 2010

Company(a)
  Industry   Investment Interest
Rate/Maturity
  Principal/
Number of Shares
  Cost   Fair Value(c)   % of
Net Assets
 

Non-control/Non-affiliated investments—131.0%(b)

                                 

GFSI Inc(d)

 

Apparel

 

Senior Secured Notes
10.50%, 6/1/2011

 
$

7,082,000
 
$

7,082,000
 
$

6,909,907
   
12.5

%

Legacy Cabinets, Inc.(d, i)

 

Building Products

 

First Lien Term Loan
6.58%, 8/18/2012

 
$

1,479,842
   
1,463,159
   
444,841
   
0.8

%

Legacy Cabinets, Inc.(d, i)

 

Building Products

 

Second Lien Term Loan
12.50%, 8/18/2013

 
$

1,862,420
   
1,828,197
   
85,113
   
0.2

%
                             

     

    Total Building Products

         
3,291,356
   
529,954
   
1.0

%
                             

Hopkins Manufacturing Corporation(d)

 

Consumer Products

 

Second Lien Term Loan
7.50%, 1/26/2012

 
$

3,250,000
   
3,247,947
   
3,003,650
   
5.4

%

Targus Group International, Inc.(d)

 

Consumer Products

 

First Lien Term Loan
10.25%, 11/22/2012

 
$

3,109,712
   
2,936,092
   
2,738,101
   
4.9

%

Targus Holdings, Inc.(d)

 

Consumer Products

 

Unsecured Notes
10.00%, 12/14/2015

 
$

1,538,235
   
1,538,235
   
1,529,467
   
2.8

%

Targus Holdings, Inc.(d, i)

 

Consumer Products

 

Common Stock

   
62,413
   
566,765
   
237,169
   
0.4

%
                             

     

    Total Consumer Products

         
8,289,039
   
7,508,387
   
13.5

%
                             

CFF Acquisition LLC(d)

 

Consumer Services

 

First Lien Term Loan
7.50%, 7/31/2013

 
$

306,855
   
306,855
   
255,242
   
0.5

%

M/C Communications, LLC(d)

 

Education

 

First Lien Term Loan
6.75%, 12/31/2012

 
$

831,174
   
831,174
   
616,897
   
1.1

%

M/C Communications, LLC(d, i)

 

Education

 

Class A Common Stock

   
166,327
   
30,241
   
16,633
   
0.0

%
                             

     

    Total Education

         
861,415
   
633,530
   
1.1

%
                             

F-6


Table of Contents

Company(a)
  Industry   Investment Interest
Rate/Maturity
  Principal/
Number of Shares
  Cost   Fair Value(c)   % of
Net Assets
 

Advanced Lighting Technologies, Inc.(d)

 

Electronics

 

Second Lien Term Loan
6.23%, 6/1/2014

  $ 2,000,000     1,814,950     1,764,600     3.2 %

Group Dekko(d)

 

Electronics

 

Second Lien Term Loan
10.50%, 1/20/2012

 
$

6,913,293
   
6,913,293
   
4,852,440
   
8.7

%
                             

     

    Total Electronics

         
8,728,243
   
6,617,040
   
11.9

%
                             

USS Parent Holding Corp.(d, i)

 

Environmental

 

Non Voting Common Stock

   
765
   
133,002
   
86,745
   
0.2

%

USS Parent Holding Corp.(d, i)

 

Environmental

 

Voting Common Stock

   
17,396
   
3,025,798
   
1,973,453
   
3.5

%
                             

     

    Total Environmental

         
3,158,800
   
2,060,198
   
3.7

%
                             

Bankruptcy Management Solutions, Inc.(d)

 

Financial Services

 

Second Lien Term Loan
6.48%, 7/31/2013

 
$

4,837,500
   
4,814,623
   
983,464
   
1.8

%

Big Train, Inc.(d)

 

Food and Beverage

 

First Lien Term Loan
7.75%, 3/31/2012

 
$

1,931,121
   
1,451,316
   
1,696,876
   
3.1

%

IDI Acquisition Corp.(d)

 

Healthcare Services

 

Senior Secured Notes
10.75%, 12/15/2011

 
$

3,800,000
   
3,679,489
   
3,620,640
   
6.5

%

PRACS Institute, LTD(d)

 

Healthcare Services